I. Images and Statues
Deut. 4:15 - from this verse, Protestants say that since we saw "no form" of the
Lord, we should not make graven images of Him.
Deut. 4:16 - of course, in early history Israel was forbidden to make images of
God because God didn't yet reveal himself visibly "in the form of any figure."
Deut. 4:17-19 - hence, had the Israelites depicted God not yet revealed, they
might be tempted to worship Him in the form of a beast, bird, reptile or fish,
which was a common error of the times.
Exodus 3:2-3; Dan 7:9; Matt. 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32; Acts 2:3-
later on, however, we see that God did reveal himself in visible form (as a
dove, fire, etc).
Deut. 5:8 - God's commandment "thou shall not make a graven image" is entirely
connected to the worship of false gods. God does not prohibit images to be used
in worship, but He prohibits the images themselves to be worshiped.
Exodus 25:18-22; 26:1,31 - for example, God commands the making of the image of
a golden cherubim. This heavenly image, of course, is not worshiped by the
Israelites. Instead, the image disposes their minds to the supernatural and
draws them to God.
Num. 21:8-9 - God also commands the making of the bronze serpent. The image of
the bronze serpent is not an idol to be worshiped, but an article that lifts
the mind to the supernatural.
I Kings 6:23-36; 7:27-39; 8:6-67 - Solomon's temple contains statues of
cherubim and images of cherubim, oxen and lions. God did not condemn these
images that were used in worship.
2 Kings 18:4 - it was only when the people began to worship the statue did they
incur God's wrath, and the king destroyed it. The command prohibiting the use
of graven images deals exclusively with the false worship of those images.
1 Chron. 28:18-19 - David gives Solomon the plan for the altar made of refined
gold with a golden cherubim images. These images were used in the Jews' most
solemn place of worship.
2 Chron. 3:7-14 - the house was lined with gold with elaborate cherubim carved
in wood and overlaid with gold.
Ezek. 41:15 - Ezekiel describes graven images in the temple consisting of
carved likenesses of cherubim. These are similar to the images of the angels
and saints in many Catholic churches.
Col. 1:15 - the only image of God that Catholics worship is Jesus Christ, who
is the "image" (Greek "eikon") of the invisible God.