orlistat buy from india cordarone bt 200 mg 30 tablet when did paxil go generic metformin menopause levitra 10 mg lutschtabletten gabapentin renal will metformin alone help me get pregnant viagra inka farma buy viagra online in melbourne augmentin 875 mg twice daily celecoxib drug indication singulair 4mg sache review vegetal viagra where to buy generic viagra in singapore prednisone for cancer patients codes for lasix iv which is better for anxiety lexapro or prozac estradiol and growth hormone cat prednisone neural efrects cialis buy melbourne australia puedo tomar dostinex estando embarazada how long do i take prometrium suppository atorvastatin excretion metronidazole suspension 200mg 5ml buy lexapro 10 pille maxim und antibiotika ciprofloxacin viagra derrame ocular high dose of thyroxine estradiol tablet strengths allegra gigante luft sintomi post clomid walmart price for generic plavix psa of propranolol preoperative celebrex viagra toronto kijiji ciprofloxacino mediplus cytotec funciona si o no amoxicillin effects on depo can stop yawning zoloft viagra can put in alcohol should cialis be taken all the time what day to take clomid allopurinol chemotherapie amitriptyline jet lag allopurinol ne demektir o q e gabapentina weight gain zoloft versus prozac quickest finasteride results on hair growth what are 4mg montelukast tablets cipro ciprofloxacin 500 mg can augmentin cause depression dik door zyprexa cytotec venta libre en argentina accutane government website risks of taking zofran farma total productos viagra sildenafil wellbutrin insanity cephalexin monohydrate molecular weight allergic to penicillin and cipro estradiol birth control patch what is vigora in hindi phenergan for long flights fluconazole effects liver cialis no erection usar aciclovir en el embarazo ape ki adalat tenormin 50mg tablets wellbutrin xl for binge eating topamax bulas amitriptyline cautions how do i know if i have propecia man boob foro plavix vardenafil citrate lowest price venlafaxine and bupropion interaction cialis com 12 what is celexa and side effects is levaquin a good antibiotic for bronchitis trazodone paxil drug interactions cost of ciprofloxacin 500mg in ringgit minoxidil o finasteride que es mejor abilify double vision viagra buy germany clomid get pregnant faster can valtrex cause heart problems acyclovir and hepatitis b cialis ankara da nerde synthroid lunesta interaction levaquin side effects palpitations bula do zovirax comp chewing lamisil tablet for oral candidiasis topamax withdrawal bad taste in mouth could i buy viagra at shoppers drug mart lexapro stoppen priligy apteekki pastilla priligy en estados unidos how much is paroxetine 20mg in rands adding abilify to remeron perdre du poids avec zoloft ashish halai viagra buy lanoxin estradiol valerate tablets dosage side effects stopping abilify suddenly accutane retail price dosage of phenergan for 4 year old celebrex schwindel on metformin for a month can amoxicillin interfere with implanon lasix to bumetanide conversion side effects of the ventolin inhaler amlodipine besylate stability in solution ventolin efectos secundarios en bebes viagra the founder cialis rio de janeiro doxycycline 200 mg per day for acne tamoxifen interacties methocarbamol and buprenorphine celexa upper clomid and testosterone production headaches while taking amitriptyline average price of viagra in the us tratamiento herpes zoster famciclovir side effects of baclofen 30 mg ciprofloxacin expiration date for dog why would a guy use flagyl clomiphene citrate siphene 100 prednisone and abdominal weight gain doxycycline hyclate acne not working amoxicillin in scarlet fever metformin and burning skin amount of time for zoloft to work nifedipine hyperplasia suddenly stopping prednisone in cats urdu page viagra accutane birth defects heart concerta albuterol interactions can viagra help you come again amlodipine and systolic blood pressure metronidazole ointment for cats uti antibiotic levaquin using nizoral everyday clomid information and experience xenical v reductil taking cipro for 6 weeks ciprofloxacin and asthma zoloft pfizer accutane in johannesburg wellbutrin muscle joint pain can i take aspirin and celebrex drug reactions with zoloft mas fuerte que el viagra paroxetine for pmdd debate abilify cipro hotel aeneas shaking hands zoloft dostinex and low blood pressure does doxycycline treat pelvic inflammatory disease sildenafil farmacocinetica what pregnancy category is singulair phenergan heat rash olanzapine and coke adding cymbalta to wellbutrin olanzapine and gout side effects when lexapro is increasde from 30 to 40 mg single dose flagyl keflex suspension ingredients melbourne buy sildenafil ufficio postale via cipro bcs class of rizatriptan viagra price and availability in pakistan viagra in perth levofloxacin dose in pediatrics order albuterol guercmorteo cialis comenzi abilify apotek levofloxacin iceren ilaclar sildenafil bloodflow comprar anafranil 25mg generic finasteride in us does lipitor cause pain cialis biljni paroxetine drug drug interaction uso prolongado ciprofloxacina cialis with two bath makeup while on accutane can you take hydrocodone with acyclovir is tadalafil an over the counter in walgreens chemists that have orlistat anafranil tarja preta uso de nexium na gravidez ketoconazole for hair loss in women will doxycycline treat e coli is there an age limit to buy viagra mixing maxalt and vicodin is methylprednisolone like prednisone risk of bleeding on plavix walmart celebrex prices amlodipine does not work what does the generic viagra look like can you mix tramadol with zoloft prednisone and burning face 2.5 mg abilify weight gain generic clozaril mobicity nz auckland 5 day prednisone bloating how long does it take to feel effects from zoloft sildenafil qual o melhor kamagra gels 100mg uk ventolin side effects itching quarter a day cialis strattera pill size viagra prescription side effects benadryl vs atarax topamax your period alli orlistat 60 mg comprar dostinex e peso viagra injections prices buy proscar uk online manfaat oxytetracycline salep mata lexapro ssri discontinuation syndrome oxytetracycline upset stomach cialis en vente libre en pharmacie atenolol gador 0.25 strattera 10 mg price xenical retrasa menstruacion cymbalta pharmacy prices ciprofloxacina tiempo de vida media fgr50 viagra allegra d when to take metformina 850 mg indica??es doxycycline morning sickness could i still conceive if my boyfriend takes viagra does strattera cause heart palpitations methocarbamol dawkowanie abilify aching joints diflucan cure nail fungus what can be used as a substitute for azithromycin lp on clomid metformin pcos forum metformin and effect on kidneys can i take tylenol pm with propranolol is allegra good for high blood pressure kamagra u.k diet pills lose weight can i take advil while on buspar en similares saltillo te venden misoprostol sin receta cialis not workig proscar y sus efectos ivermectina 3 50 buspirone 10mg tablets for ibs ivermectin paste dosage for cats lasix fa male olanzapina zyprexa efeitos secundarios o novo viagra persamaan ampicillin can i exercise while taking propranolol cheapest viagra anywhere is watermelon the new viagra ciprofloxacino es bueno para la gonorrea cialis come si prende stromectol take with food how much is lisinopril at walmart post acute withdrawal syndrome wellbutrin zovirax warnings ventolin op dopinglijst zofran for ponv bactrim head lice singulair label vs generic rls and gabapentin buy cialis in chiang mai lipitor withdrawal effects allegra lawrence hardy sutherland putting doxycycline powder on acne ok city looks low dose cialis for men prednisone effects sarcoidosis price for valtrex 1gm ciprofloxacin tendon rupture max iv dose of lasix is viagra 25mg enough seroquel trembling why plavix and aspirin combination buying levitra online canada is cialis 5mg the same as 10mg valtrex dosage for adult hand foot mouth treatment buy viagra houston clopidogrel for carotid stenosis can you take concerta and paxil together which condition is the drug ampicillin used to treat tenormin contraindications zithromax and urinary tract infections lasix side effects wiki cipro 250 mg preis quetiapine fumarate for sleep disorder dosage celebrex diverticulitis lipitor xalatan nizoral no longer available cialis smartphone net pastilla almaximo sildenafil 50 mg does discharge get worse after taking diflucan is 3 d cipro enough etodolac 600 mg er tablets zovirax auge dose levitra vs viagra metronidazole for 2 weeks dpco price effect from azithromycin 500mg tablets fluconazole pbs reasons for taking lasix cialis kamragel viagra 100g uk free viagara or cialis can ciprofloxacin combined with tinidazole treat uti analisis beta estradiol what antibiotic class is azithromycin metformin dosage in renal failure is it possible to stop synthroid why would a woman take viagra in which countries is viagra clomid after prohormone cycle cialis viagra juntos cephalexin ratiopharm amoxicillin bristol accutane round 4 viagra ulovlig generic viagra with blood pressure cheap acyclovir tqeovertoz seroquel and viagra retail price for viagra sertralina y propranolol celexa withdrawal breast tenderness prozac zoloft celexa cara penggunaan cream zovirax major side effect of metformin cipro side effects ears azithromycin treatment of strep throat zoloft making me lose weight azithromycin itchy rash next day delivery of cialis in one day omeprazole and viagra zovirax syrup ondansetron odt 4mg tablet montelukast singulair sachet side effects of metformin denk nursing implications of celexa can ibuprofen be taken with bactrim viagra costa rica. ventolin hfa false positive does doxycycline cause infections in dogs amoxil after abortion amoxicillin for erysipelas propecia gets a bad rap clomid vroeggeboorte sildenafil y la hipertension arterial salmonella amoxicillin resistance how can i buy lamisil finasteride folcres panalab street value of seroquel 300 mg diflucan one time dosing topamax feel good levothyroxine acetaminophen can you take augmentin with lisinopril is it ok for 2 year old to take bactrim for uti albuterol solution online doxycycline uses chlamydia average cost of benazepril allopurinol azathioprine efek negatif ventolin wellbutrin after surgery viagra in pakistan is available home delivery erythromycin 250mg tablets side effects isotretinoin rowcmoadreders for sale meds viagra prednisone withdrawal panic what are the side effects of thyroxine treatment valacyclovir over the counter oral prednisone dose for dog with allergy cheap ivermectin for birds meloxicam mit alkohol nexium achalasia lamisil once stillzeit metronidazole mire jo amoxicillin dosage for 2 yr old seroquel bei gesunden menschen how long does insomnia on wellbutrin last cialis work with fluconazole what is a good substitute for viagra price for cialis 75mg adalat retard nifedipine side effects albuterol .5 solution dosage for a 7 year old should a person take celebrex before surgery metronidazole for cystic acne celebrex dosage usual dose cytotec 2nd trimester can you take klonopin with cymbalta valtrex at first sign side effects of fluconazole capsules is it illegal to purchase clomid and nolvadex us bula feldene gel 0 5 seroquel impotence accutane 60 mg to 80 mg aciclovir sirve para la urticaria how to safely get off paxil topamax reflux which causes more side effects ramipril or lisinopril tim eric celebrex zoloft night terrors meloxicam 15 mg para que sirven alternativ til busparone can you take antacids with bactrim glucophage and ivp ondansetron augmentation ocd what class drug is buspar nexium 10 mg tablet side effects of lexapro on thyroid metformin natural source what does doxycycline hyclate do to you para que se utiliza el sildenafil amoxicillin swollen joints ciprofloxacin vs prulifloxacin cabergoline works when was keflex first used cost of clopidogrel generics buspar side effects men if i give my wife viagra acyclovir cirrhosis plavix versus fish oil generic viagra and testosterone levaquin rupture achilles tendon use of topamax for headaches antifungal terbinafine safe during pregnancy tetracycline types bactrim dose guinea pig indikasi danocrine 200 mg maria gad? o que ? pra ser vigora viagra brand price new delhi cymbalta and pregnancy depression lasix drip rate augmentin duration sinus infection lasix dosage strengths olanzapine pharmacological action costa allegra guido canali doxycycline and epigastric pain 4rx finasteride reviews bactrim tooth staining estradiol farmacie tallis terbinafine isotretinoina efecto rebote tocolysis nifedipine dose symptoms starting lexapro cialis ablaufdatum ?berschritten cost of clopidogrel 75 mg in pakistan lipitor and low thyroid can valtrex treat acne glucophage zaparcia singulair somnolencia acyclovir for fever blisters cold sores losing weight while on paxil ciprofloxacin cipro din price doxycycline 100 mg patient information viagra hats singulair hay fever inknown fertility and clomid 150mg cialis and nose bleeds flagyl pediatrica bontril time released diet pill desogen for hair loss amitriptyline hcl to get high viagra brand going generic does ventolin make kids hyperactive ventolin effetti indesiderati when does ovulation take place after clomid erythromycin ophthalmic cost abilify and singulair side effects nifedipine viagra di bali oral linezolid cost per dose celexa helps como comprar cytotec en peru does clomid 150mg make your period late buy lotensin online doxycycline with penicillin ciprofloxacin pseudomonas aeruginosa cardiac side effects of lexapro baclofen trial pump nizoral suspension oral ivermectina tabletas piojos inderal tremore essenziale isotretinoina dia sim dia nao lipitor 10mg and coq10 airline com desk diet pill reservation levitra dosage can i take how long does it take clomid to work in men mobicarte orange boite vocale use of misoprostol to induce abortion allegra alacevich curriculum what does the box that viagra comes in look like off label use buspirone weird side effects topiramate ou trouver finasteride max dose of topamax cialis apotelesmata clomid before sleep


SACRAMENT OF CONFESSION & FORGIVENESS OF SINS

Scripture

  1. Jesus Christ Granted the Apostles His Authority to Forgive Sins
  2. The Necessity and Practice of Orally Confessing Sins

Tradition / Church Fathers

  1. The Early Church’s Practice of Oral Confession

Back · Home · Next
 


Scripture

I. Jesus Christ Granted the Apostles His Authority to Forgive Sins

John 20:21 - before He grants them the authority to forgive sins, Jesus says to the apostles, "as the Father sent me, so I send you." As Christ was sent by the Father to forgive sins, so Christ sends the apostles and their successors forgive sins.

John 20:22 - the Lord "breathes" on the apostles, and then gives them the power to forgive and retain sins. The only other moment in Scripture where God breathes on man is in Gen. 2:7, when the Lord "breathes" divine life into man. When this happens, a significant transformation takes place.

John 20:23 - Jesus says, "If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven. If you retain the sins of any, they are retained." In order for the apostles to exercise this gift of forgiving sins, the penitents must orally confess their sins to them because the apostles are not mind readers. The text makes this very clear.

Matt. 9:8 - this verse shows that God has given the authority to forgive sins to "men." Hence, those Protestants who acknowledge that the apostles had the authority to forgive sins (which this verse demonstrates) must prove that this gift ended with the apostles. Otherwise, the apostles' successors still possess this gift. Where in Scripture is the gift of authority to forgive sins taken away from the apostles or their successors?

Matt. 9:6; Mark 2:10 - Christ forgave sins as a man (not God) to convince us that the "Son of man" has authority to forgive sins on earth.

Luke 5:24 - Luke also points out that Jesus' authority to forgive sins is as a man, not God. The Gospel writers record this to convince us that God has given this authority to men. This authority has been transferred from Christ to the apostles and their successors.

Matt. 18:18 - the apostles are given authority to bind and loose. The authority to bind and loose includes administering and removing the temporal penalties due to sin. The Jews understood this since the birth of the Church.

John 20:22-23; Matt. 18:18 - the power to remit/retain sin is also the power to remit/retain punishment due to sin. If Christ's ministers can forgive the eternal penalty of sin, they can certainly remit the temporal penalty of sin (which is called an "indulgence").

2 Cor. 2:10 - Paul forgives in the presence of Christ (some translations refer to the presences of Christ as "in persona Christi"). Some say that this may also be a reference to sins.

2 Cor. 5:18 - the ministry of reconciliation was given to the ambassadors of the Church. This ministry of reconciliation refers to the sacrament of reconciliation, also called the sacrament of confession or penance.

James 5:15-16 - in verse 15 we see that sins are forgiven by the priests in the sacrament of the sick. This is another example of man's authority to forgive sins on earth. Then in verse 16, James says “Therefore, confess our sins to one another,” in reference to the men referred to in verse 15, the priests of the Church.

1 Tim. 2:5 - Christ is the only mediator, but He was free to decide how His mediation would be applied to us. The Lord chose to use priests of God to carry out His work of forgiveness.

Lev. 5:4-6; 19:21-22 - even under the Old Covenant, God used priests to forgive and atone for the sins of others.

Top

 


II. The Necessity and Practice of Orally Confessing Sins

James 5:16 - James clearly teaches us that we must “confess our sins to one another,” not just privately to God. James 5:16 must be read in the context of James 5:14-15, which is referring to the healing power (both physical and spiritual) of the priests of the Church. Hence, when James says “therefore” in verse 16, he must be referring to the men he was writing about in verses 14 and 15 – these men are the ordained priests of the Church, to whom we must confess our sins.

Acts 19:18 - many came to orally confess sins and divulge their sinful practices. Oral confession was the practice of the early Church just as it is today.

Matt. 3:6; Mark 1:5 - again, this shows people confessing their sins before others as an historical practice (here to John the Baptist).

1 Tim. 6:12 - this verse also refers to the historical practice of confessing both faith and sins in the presence of many witnesses.

1 John 1:9 - if we confess are sins, God is faithful to us and forgives us and cleanse us. But we must confess our sins to one another.

Num. 5:7 - this shows the historical practice of publicly confessing sins, and making public restitution.

2 Sam. 12:14 - even though the sin is forgiven, there is punishment due for the forgiven sin. David is forgiven but his child was still taken (the consequence of his sin).

Neh. 9:2-3 - the Israelites stood before the assembly and confessed sins publicly and interceded for each other.

Sir. 4:26 - God tells us not to be ashamed to confess our sins, and not to try to stop the current of a river. Anyone who has experienced the sacrament of reconciliation understands the import of this verse.

Baruch 1:14 - again, this shows that the people made confession in the house of the Lord, before the assembly.

1 John 5:16-17; Luke 12:47-48 - there is a distinction between mortal and venial sins. This has been the teaching of the Catholic Church for 2,000 years, but, today, most Protestants no longer agree that there is such a distinction. Mortal sins lead to death and must be absolved in the sacrament of reconciliation. Venial sins do not have to be confessed to a priest, but the pious Catholic practice is to do so in order to advance in our journey to holiness.

Matt. 5:19 - Jesus teaches that breaking the least of commandments is venial sin (the person is still saved but is least in the kingdom), versus mortal sin (the person is not saved).

Top


Tradition / Church Fathers


I. The Early Church’s Practice of Oral Confession

Do not come to prayer with a guilty conscience." Epistle of Barnabas, 19:12 (A.D. 74).

“In church confess your sins, and do not come to your prayer with a guilt conscience. Such is the Way of Life...On the Lord's own day, assemble in common to break bread and offer thanks; but first confess your sins, so that your sacrifice may be pure." Didache, 4:14,14:1 (c. A.D. 90).

"Moreover, it is in accordance with reason that we should return to soberness[of conduct], and, while yet we have opportunity, exercise repentance towards God. It is well to reverence both God and the bishop." Ignatius, Epistle to the Smyraeans, 9 (c. A.D. 110).

"Moreover, that this Marcus compounds philters and love-potions, in order to insult the persons of some of these women, if not of all, those of them who have returned to the Church of God--a thing which frequently occurs--have acknowledged, confessing, too, that they have been defiled by him, and that they were filled with a burning passion towards him. A sad example of this occurred in the case of a certain Asiatic, one of our deacons, who had received him (Marcus) into his house. His wife, a woman of remarkable beauty, fell a victim both in mind and body to this magician, and, for a long time, travelled about with him. At last, when, with no small difficulty, the brethren had converted her, she spent her whole time in the exercise of public confession, weeping over and lamenting the defilement which she had received from this magician." Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 1:13 (A.D. 180).

"Such are the words and deeds by which, in our own district of the Rhone, they have deluded many women, who have their consciences seared as with a hot iron. Some of them, indeed, make a public confession of their sins; but others of them are ashamed to do this, and in a tacit kind of way, despairing of [attaining to] the life of God, have, some of them, apostatized altogether; while others hesitate between the two courses, and incur that which is implied in the proverb, 'neither without nor within;' possessing this as the fruit from the seed of the children of knowledge." Irenaeus, Against Heresies, 1:13 (A.D. 180).

"Father who knowest the hearts of all grant upon this Thy servant whom Thou hast chosen for the episcopate to feed Thy holy flock and serve as Thine high priest, that he may minister blamelessly by night and day, that he may unceasingly behold and appropriate Thy countenance and offer to Thee the gifts of Thy holy Church. And that by the high priestly Spirit he may have authority to forgive sins..." Hippolytus, Apostolic Tradition, 3 (A.D. 215).

"The Pontifex Maximus--that is, the bishop of bishops--issues an edict: 'I remit, to such as have discharged (the requirements of) repentance, the sins both of adultery and of fornication.'" Tertullian, Modesty, 1 (A.D. 220).

"In addition to these there is also a seventh, albeit hard and laborious: the remission of sins through penance...when he does not shrink from declaring his sin to a priest of the Lord." Origen, Homilies on Leviticus, 2:4 (A.D. 248).

"For although in smaller sins sinners may do penance for a set time, and according to the rules of discipline come to public confession, and by imposition of the hand of the bishop and clergy receive the right of communion: now with their time still unfulfilled, while persecution is still raging, while the peace of the Church itself is not vet restored, they are admitted to communion, and their name is presented; and while the penitence is not yet performed, confession is not yet made, the hands Of the bishop and clergy are not yet laid upon them, the eucharist is given to them; although it is written, 'Whosoever shall eat the bread and drink the cup of the Lord unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.'" Cyprian, To the Clergy, 9 (16):2 (A.D. 250).

"Moreover, how much are they both greater in faith and better in their fear, who, although bound by no crime of sacrifice to idols or of certificate, yet, since they have even thought of such things, with grief and simplicity confess this very thing to God's priests, and make the conscientious avowal, put off from them the load of their minds, and seek out the salutary medicine even for slight and moderate wounds, knowing that it is written, 'God is not mocked.' God cannot be mocked, nor deceived, nor deluded by any deceptive cunning. Yea, he sins the more, who, thinking that God is like man, believes that he evades the penalty of his crime if he has not openly admitted his crime…I entreat you, beloved brethren, that each one should confess his own sin, while he who has sinned is still in this world, while his confession may be received, while the satisfaction and remission made by the priests are pleasing to the Lord?" Cyprian, To the Lapsed, 28-29 (A.D. 251).

"It is necessary to confess our sins to those whom the dispensation of God's mysteries is entrusted." Basil, Rule Briefly Treated, 288 (A.D. 374).

"These are capital sins, brethren, these are mortal." Pacian of Barcelona, Penance, 4 (A.D. 385).

"For if any one will consider how great a thing it is for one, being a man, and compassed with flesh and blood, to be enabled to draw nigh to that blessed and pure nature, he will then clearly see what great honor the grace of the Spirit has vouchsafed to priests; since by their agency these rites are celebrated, and others nowise inferior to these both in respect of our dignity and our salvation. For they who inhabit the earth and make their abode there are entrusted with the administration of things which are in Heaven, and have received an authority which God has not given to angels or archangels. For it has not been said to them, 'Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in Heaven, and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in Heaven.' They who rule on earth have indeed authority to bind, but only the body: whereas this binding lays hold of the soul and penetrates the heavens; and what priests do here below God ratifies above, and the Master confirms the sentence of his servants. For indeed what is it but all manner of heavenly authority which He has given them when He says, 'Whose sins ye remit they are remitted, and whose sins ye retain they are retained?' What authority could be greater than this? 'The Father hath committed all judgment to the Son?' But I see it all put into the hands of these men by the Son." John Chrysostom, The Priesthood, 3:5 (A.D. 387).

"The Church holds fast its obedience on either side, by both retaining and remitting sin; heresy is on the one side cruel, and on the other disobedient; wishes to bind what it will not loosen, and will not loosen what it has bound, whereby it condemns itself by its own sentence. For the Lord willed that the power of binding and of loosing should be alike, and sanctioned each by a similar condition…Each is allowed to the Church, neither to heresy, for this power has been entrusted to priests alone. Rightly, therefore, does the Church claim it, which has true priests; heresy, which has not the priests of God, cannot claim it. And by not claiming this power heresy pronounces its own sentence, that not possessing priests it cannot claim priestly power. And so in their shameless obstinacy a shamefaced acknowledgment meets our view. Consider, too, the point that he who has received the Holy Ghost has also received the power of forgiving and of retaining sin. For thus it is written: 'Receive the Holy Spirit: whosesoever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them, and whosesoever sins ye retain, they are retained.' So, then, he who has not received power to forgive sins has not received the Holy Spirit. The office of the priest is a gift of the Holy Spirit, and His right it is specially to forgive and to retain sins. How, then, can they claim His gift who distrust His power and His right?" Ambrose, Concerning Repentance, I:7-8 (A.D. 388).

"All mortal sins are to be submitted to the keys of the Church and all can be forgiven; but recourse to these keys is the only, the necessary, and the certain way to forgiveness. Unless those who are guilty of grievous sin have recourse to the power of the keys, they cannot hope for eternal salvation. Open your lips, them, and confess your sins to the priest. Confession alone is the true gate to Heaven." Augustine, Christian Combat (A.D. 397).

"Just as in the Old Testament the priest makes the leper clean or unclean, so in the New Testament the bishop and presbyter binds or looses not those who are innocent or guilty, but by reason of their office, when they have heard various kinds of sins, they know who is to be bound and who loosed." Jerome, Commentary on Matthew, 3:16,19 (A.D. 398).

Top


Copyright 2001 - 2007 © by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.
johnsalza@scripturecatholic.com