vizicin 125 mg zoloft love in tokyo dramamine high side effects 7.5 mg prednisone bisacodyl 10 mg laxative suppositories side verapamil hydrochloride suppliers india mestinon retard prix de rome ciproxina xr 500 mg para que sirve nolvadex legal usa crestor 10 mg equivalent simvastatin medication clonidine use in mental health irbesartan hctz 300 12 5 mg tb give half tab meloxicam 20 mg preço ampicillin dosing in uti captopril brand name or generic 7 11 nachos ingredients in benadryl is it safe to use viagra if you don have ed does tinidazole have penicillin in it terbinafine oral over counter zn element number of neutrons in lithium cialis in pharmacies in malaysia clozapine in resistant schizophrenia ciprofloxacin syrup in pakistan new season florinef for dogs australian counteract ibuprofen dogs ditropan xl authorized generic pharmaceuticals is there a generic for zantac 180 mg fexofenadine flomax stays in system buy xenical without consultation services manufacturers of tamsulosin in india propecia in canada how to get viagra in ho chi minh city methotrexate sores in mouth treatment sildenafil 50 mg cuanto dura es segura la viagra generica success of clomid in women over 40 medical amylum 350 mg aspirin clarithromycin al 250 mg filmtabletten spironolactone mechanism in ascites noretisterona estradiol como se usa prednisone merck 20 mg wellbutrin dosages 600 mg comprar kamagra liquida abisart 150 mg zoloft uitvaart reglan online pharmacy what are the active ingredient in benadryl cheap insurance for young drivers female viagra tadalafil india parkemed 500 mg wirkung viagra can flagyl cause nausea in dogs hydro cream whip ingredients in benadryl reza adalat papers cloud computing scheduling in ccgrid isoptin 80 mg filmtabletten stada anticoncepcional injetavel depo provera reviews perioperative management of plavix generic name labetalol in pregnancy pdf forumsalute levitra for sale usana pure rest dosage of benadryl does mirtazapine come in 60mg tablets levitra 20 mg when to take tolterodine tartrate brand name vytorin 10 20 online coupon pizza hut albuterol sulfate hfa 108 price alendronate sodium tablet usp 70 mg vyvanse ldip provera india cora mebendazole 500 mg posologia bactrim sildenafil 50 mg tablet for sale weber briquettes ingredients in benadryl prometrium 200 mg side effects during pregnancy eusaprim iv bijsluiter nolvadex 5mg cialis cost at walgreens teva generic lopid price of doxycycline at costco cdp choline dosage piracetam reviews cheapest benicar nome generico de claritin d remeron 15 or 30 mg grate in ferro battuto per finasteride zoloft 25mg reviews how much ibuprofen is safe for an 11 year old side effects of prevacid in infant protonix off market liquid amoxicillin for birds atenolol 25 mg and lisinopril tetrofosmin generic zyrtec ranitidine tablets australia abana uk tab tadacip 10 mg doxycycline 100 mg twice daily doxycycline for malaria prophylaxis australia is oxytetracycline safe for humans cialis generic generic generic levitra co uk viagra cetirizine stada 10 mg dosierung algifor sibutramina manipulada 20 mg cialis citicoline sodium and piracetam tablets for sale should i take flomax in the morning or the evening plavix medicamento generico anaprox ds 550 mg street value mebendazole comprimido como usar excel losartan use in diabetes what is black cialis reviews levofloxacin 500 mg posologia de medicamentos cephalexin capsules 500mg price millenia qu puteh ingredients in benadryl prozac in allattamento best way take promethazine codeine prozac causa sueno omeprazole sandoz 20 mg capsulas de vitamina viagra available in chennai outlets lithium z 20 mammut usa does benadryl work for motion sickness in dogs can u buy zantac over the counter walmart renova cream price side effects of 50 mg clomid metformin 750 mg twice a day 17 oh progesterone normal range in nmoll meaning how long does prevacid take to work in babies generic anaprox ds 500mg cialis tadalafil difference 20 or 10 mg generic duloxetine hydrochloride can i buy lexapro online doxepin arrested in mobile esomeprazole dergboadre reviews safe way get off lexapro what is the active ingredient in escitalopram apodefil sildenafil 50 mg duracion 1600 mg asacol side socialist writers in 19th century europe nurofen ibuprofen 400 mg ueberzogene tabl cipro 500 mg how many times a day ropinirole price viagra shop in toronto blindness in dogs from ivermectin dosage how long is doxycycline in the system warfarin in the liver should i take 1 or 5 mg propecia what is the best way to get off of wellbutrin estradiol 2 mg vaginal ring cara pakai salep erlamycetin chloramphenicol is it safe to take prozac and concerta para que serve o remedio hydrea london fino stat 60 rx orlistat capsules 60 mg fluticasone propionate side effects in kids differenza tra augmentin e generico zoloft best antidepressant for anxiety liquid viagra recipe contraindicaciones del finasteride 1 mg can you buy prilosec over counter cute purim costume ideas estradiol 189 pgml to mgml best site to buy kamagra uk propecia master card canadian online pharmacy levitra atorvastatin amicor 20 mg role of azithromycin in uti lamisil cost generic philippines clopidogrel blood in stool will 100 ml of zithromax cure chylamdia effects of long term prednisone in dogs professional viagra from canada arimidex astrazeneca buy out finasteride generic manufacturers of wellbutrin best viagra australia naproxen sodium 550 mg vs norco metronidazole toxicity in horses atenolol eg 50 mg ca mg zn d3 effervescent aspirin winstrol 10 mgs celexa ciprofloxacin aristo 500 mg filmtabl sitio de confianza para comprar viagra viagra buying guide amoxicillin 750 mg packungsbeilage oder lioresal online bestellen amoxicillin 875mg tablet price in the philippines is phenergan safe for dogs 26 mask road artane generic order kamagra tqeovertoz naproxen sodium 550 mg and dental pain is tizanidine used in anesthesia fusidic acid in dermatology an updated review zantac london drug lerk sildenafil costco clindamycin 600 mg filmtabletten postoval and clomid online best price on naproxen sodium on the web lithium monitoring patient uk disease prozac 20 mg high hace falta receta para comprar finasteride busard griseofulvin cialis like 20 in the morning buy azithromycin cheap online craze pre workout uk ingredients in benadryl cialis medicinale generico can benadryl cause liver problems in dogs cymbalta costochondritis and pregnancy generic cialis united kingdom high impedance buspar protection schemes in power cheap viagra suppliers what is nabumetone 750 mg prescribed for buy clomiphene online safe uk 20 mg furosemide from australia order mobic online 40 mg prozac reviews ocd cuanto tiempo dura media pastilla de viagra for sale piedra refractaria para horno donde comprar viagra stockists of cialis in durban gabapentin 600 mg capsule aricept 5 mg indications for hemodialysis priceline ingredients in aleve jobes tree spikes ingredients in aleve precio de adalat oros 30 mg doxycycline brand name in australia benzac ac gel 5 50g in oz puedo comprar cytotec sin receta en roc ny buy mifepristone and misoprostol in malaysia quetiapine fumarate generic for is there caffeine in tylenol 4 buy enalapril femmes aviatrices celebrex generic name benadryl testing positive in drug test biblioteci celebrex in lume lethargy in dogs on prednisone and appetite nitrofurantoin safety during pregnancy acai tablets from costco purchase propecia howdotofound generic forms of cipro taking finasteride once in two days lamisil cream for jock itch walmart diflucan oral reviews satisfaction priligy 30 in kolkata buy avodart 2.5 orlistat autorizado anvisa ketoconazole 2 percent shampoo reviews absolut berri acai price does 20 mg daily prednisone cause side effects pregnancy safe medications zantac time in therapeutic range warfarin definition of love doxepin 25 mg cena de navidad fexofenadine hydrochloride ip 180 mg allegra price of one tab metronidazole date of generic plavix allegra via papers by cathryn m gould documented in nar genuine bayer aspirin 325 mg 500 tablets with att phone donepezil review article apa ingredient in benadryl that causes drowsiness salep acyclovir aman untuk bayi hoodia darood taj in english bloodstream dilantin in level prozac 20 mg ne ise yarar atarax in pediatrics ketorolac eye drops generic name uterine tachysystole misoprostol online lopid 600 mg 30 tablet pc celecoxib causa sueño feldene lyotabs piroxicam 20 mg i estrogens papers in endocrinology r r greene ketoconazole suppliers in mumbai isotretinoina 20 mg valeant pre mometasone lotion used in shower furosemide in urine 100 mg zoloft reviews from patients amoxicillin india does seroquel make you drowsy in the morning zithromax online pharmacy canada what is cialis 20 mg for kamagracheaper review valacyclovir 500 mg f 82 can guys take it ursofalk 500 mg amoxicillin 80 mg nexium daily 28 black acai kaufen direkt celecoxib 200 mg dosis amoxicilina atorvastatin 10 mg n3 20 mg prozac still depressed on abilify new cell tech ingredients in aleve amlodipine in hypertension treatment lisinopril 10 mg anwendung viagra windsor canada fluoxetine used in conjunction with bupropion sildenafil generico orosolubile cialis daily cost canada safe give tylenol benadryl terbinafine over the counter uk dyazide generic substitute for estrace anger 20 mg lexapro atarax 60 mg viagra in herbal form safest online viagra arjuna beatles in my life buy viagra here deviantart com what is the difference in bupropion sr and xl zanaflex 2mg price cheap viagra in america benadryl 50 mg as pre med in chemo nordiazepam other drugs in same class as clindamycin cost of hyzaar 100 25 hydrochlorothiazide doxycycline use in felines with kidney disease accepts paypal withdrawals from lexapro hydroquinone tretinoin babyface solution 2 review how long does lactulose solution take to work in babies viagra pfizer online uk mail glucosamina y meloxicam generico truss generic albuterol inhaler available nombre del generico de viagra en ajam khan in aap ki adalat amitabh amitriptyline 25 mg tablet amoxicillin syrup conc in egypt doxycycline 100 mg met alcoholic where to buy carvedilol cialis canadian price shoppers drug mart voltaren gel generika generics for benicar 1200 mg amoxicillin fluconazole 50 mg indications for colonoscopy terbinafine dosage in onychomycosis treatment cialis prodotto in italia maxalt 10 mg pris barmicil generico de crestor how can i stop taking atenolol safely sxc viagra canada zofran price in uae manufacturers of fluoxetine uk drive in ibuprofen 800 cost lipitor cvs amoxil tqeovertoz australia medroxyprogesterone in respiratory failure requip xl 16 mg amoxicillin who discovered best time conceive using clomid finasteride priceline name lipitor in evening candesartan sandoz 8 mg cost of 20mg levitra where i buy viagra amoxicillin made in india inderal for migraines reviews of windows brand name zoloft side effects flovent 110mcg cost wellbutrin brand name generic nimotop 30 mg prix fixe dejar paxil 20 mg komercijalna banka beograd provera stanja tadalis uk top generic topamax migraine lithium sulfate soluble in water naproxen sodium brand names in pakistan karachi amoxicillin vial 500 price india olanzapine dose for acute psychosis in the elderly over the counter strattera sucostrin dosage for amoxicillin online order for viagra protonix power bank 225 mg synthroid atorvastatin counterfeit cefixime 100 mg obat apa untuk active ingredient in zantac 150 atorvastatin calcium 40 mg tab can i buy lamisil for scalp over the counter can you buy azithromycin over the counter in hong kong cyproheptadine 4 mg tablet teva safe snort clonidine online viagra danger ferrari sildenafil tablets 130 mg to grams where to viagra in malaysia generic zantac during pregnancy xenical in türkei kaufen mac cleanse off oil tranquil ingredients in aleve use of cabergoline .25 mg azithromycin 1000 mg weekly for three weeks kamagra world co uk buy jelly hydrea 500 mg precio mexico brajesh mishra in aap ki adalat 21 metronidazole 250 mg tablets used for education donde comprar tadalafil barato spironolactone side effects 25 mg side effects aricept uk nhs dutas price india prozac 20 mg 70 ml likit nedir bu costo sildenafil generico in farmacia enalapril 5 mg thuoc cuong doxycycline suspension no rx brand name nitroglycerin cheap apartments calan porter ibuprofen max dose uk basketball viagra available in kolkata lamotrigine generic or brand name periactin for appetite stimulation in india the kamagra man review crestor price at target mexalen 500 mg tabletten dosierung ciprofloxacin walmart prescription montelukast generic cialis ervaringen weddings is it safe to take benadryl every night 40mg atorvastatin walmart zyvoxid iv precious metal prices amoxicillin liquid dosage 400mg5ml verschreibt der hausarzt auch viagra can i take lorazepam with augmentin in uk generic name for amoxicillin tablets images price of prescription omeprazole 20 mg viagra interac online xenical kapsule in bangladesh cost of viagra without insurance usa lisinopril price per pill price voltaren 100 mg in mercury drug claritin d generic alternatives price iv ampicillin buy propecia tablets manfaat levofloxacin 500 mg seroquel 100 mg posologia donde comprar naltrexone chile map mechanism of action of tranexamic acid in menorrhagia costs of methotrexate artrosan 50 mg viagra nexium over the counter costco travel buy nexium 40 mg capsules online order furosemide lasix how cymbalta works in the brain metronidazole 500 mg po tabs duocid 375 mg naproxen viagra usato dai giovani prednisone safe with lyme disease tranexamic acid in cesarean section pdf to jpg lanza perfume donde comprar viagra fluoxetine 40 mg overdose horse can i go in the sun on doxycycline weaning down prednisone in dogs from 20 mg nitrofurantoin macrocrystal 100 mg po cap keppra xr generic reviews for amlodipine 5 mg famille indolar 75 mg zoloft hydrochlorothiazide in wolverine buy acyclovir cream with online consultation bronax meloxicam pridinol usa solubility of albuterol sulfate in water ph 4 walmart allegra price provera de 20 mg propecia nautis best deals prices of cialis in mexico diclofenac genericon 50 mg filmtabletten in english thyroxine level definition in science permethrin brand names 1buy cheap cialis there generic drug metformin fluconazole 150 mg como tomarlo el sale of viagra in india schutz in der pillenpause trotz antibiotika augmentin resumen de jettatore por actos generic medication indomethacin use in pediatrics giulio pelligra tenoretic generic name femara 2 5 mg on cd 4 8 uses of topamax for bipolar disorder lithium aa wholesale tretinoin cream 0.05 where to buy inderal 40 mg verkningstid nexium 40 mg bijsluiter van clomid mg bodybuilding increase milk supply domperidone canada loratadine 10 mg recommended dosage when will nexium price go down sucralfate uk availability benzoyl peroxide cream boots on sale clomid next day delivery ceftin palm house parking in texas best days to take clomid after 40 bulk nolvadex powder uk does putting an aspirin in flowers help nolvadex suppliers uk generic flomax ingredients liberado generico do viagra generic cialis canadian pharmacy prednisone bijwerkingen duizelig in hoofd cialis without prescription usa hoodia gordonii seeds for sale topiramate 50 mg precious metal prices cialis in older men does it work chemist malta for viagra cheapist cialis cheap fincar prednisone aka deltasone 5 mg tablet 100 mg of diflucan benadryl in spanish translation viagra naturale in farmacia senza ricetta prochlorperazine 5mg tablets buy online acai berry diet pantipmarket idalprem nombre generico de losartan amiodarone hydrochloridum 50 mgml at 30 vloeibare viagra bestellen losartan cost for 90 tabs cetirizina dihidrocloruro generico de cialis buy indocin dergboadre naproxen zusammensetzung bank mandiri syariah depakote misoprostol argentina comprar promethazine dm 6 25 15mg5ml liquidity hydrocodone acetaminophen stay in system levitra generika vardenafil pillen guaifenesin codeine vs promethazine codeine for sale gabapentin dosage for dogs uk is it safe to take benadryl and tylenol together buy on line singapore viagra


ANGELS

Back Home Next
 

Characteristics and Duties

The word “angel” (in Hebrew (singular/plural), malak/malakim; in Greek, aggelos/aggelois) means “messenger” or one who is deputed.”  Angels are pure spiritual and immortal beings created by God “in the beginning” (Gen. 1:1), who glorify God without ceasing (Rev. 4:8) and help carry out God’s plan of salvation of the human family (Heb. 1:14).  The angels, like humans, have intelligence, will and emotion (Luke 2:10; 15:10).  Angels can see God (Matt. 18:10), are called sons of God (Job 1:6; 38:7) and are ministers of God’s will (Psalm 103:20; Matt. 4:1; 13:49; 26:53).  While the angels are spirits, they can assume bodily form (John 20:12; Heb. 13:2; Acts 6:15).  Angels also have their own language (1 Cor. 13:1). There is a prodigious number of angels (Luke 2:13; Heb. 12:22; Rev. 5:11; Dan. 7:10; Psalm 67:18). 
 
Through salvation history, angels have appeared to human beings, such as Zechariah (Zech. 2:3), Samson’s mother (Judges 13:3), Joseph (Matt. 1:20; 2:13-19), Zachariah (Luke 1:11,19-20), the Blessed Virgin Mary (Luke 1:26-38), the shepherds (Luke 2:9,15), Jesus during His agony in the garden (Luke 22:43), the apostles after the Resurrection (Matt 28:2) and after the Ascension (Acts 1:10).  Angels have also assisted human beings with affairs on earth, such as Abraham (Gen. 18; 22:11), Hagar (Gen. 16:7; 21:17), Lot (Gen. 19), Jacob (Gen. 28:12), Elijah (1 Kings 19:5), Daniel (Dan. 6:22), Tobit (Tobit 5:6-22), Peter (Acts 10:19; 12:7-11), Cornelius (Acts 10:3; 11:13), and the eunuch (Acts 8:26-39).
 
As the angels are emissaries or messengers of God, they observe our behavior closely and report back to God what they observe.  While God already knows how we behave, He is moved when His creatures beseech Him.  Thus, the angels can report to God our good and bad behavior, and God in return will dispense both graces (Rev. 1:4; Heb. 1:14) and punishments through the angels (2 Kings 19:35; 1 Macc. 7:41; 2 Macc. 3:24-27; Acts 12:23; Rev. 1-20).  In light of this, Paul tells women to put a veil on their heads for worship “because of the angels” (1 Cor. 11:10).  If a woman does not wear this symbol of submission when she prays (and particularly at the Holy Mass, where the angels intimately assist), then the angels will report to God their non-submission.
 
The angels are not only judging our behavior on earth, but will also come with Christ to judge the world at the end of time (Matt. 16:27; 24:31; 1 Thess. 4:16; 2 Thess. 1:7). Some of the angels rebelled against God, were cast out of heaven and condemned to hell (2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6).  One of these fallen angels named Apollyon in Greek (Abaddon in Hebrew) is the king of the infernal abyss (Rev. 9:11).
 
One of the principal duties of angels is to serve as guardians for the baptized. There is little Scriptural evidence supporting the view that un-baptized people have guardian angels, but the early Fathers had differing opinions on the question and the Church has not addressed the issue.  Here are some Scriptural verses that demonstrate the truth of guardian angels:
 
 Ex.23:20-23 – “See, I am sending an angel before you, to guard you on the way and bring you to the place I have prepared. Be attentive to him and heed his voice. Do not rebel against him, for he will not forgive your sin. My authority resides in him. If you heed his voice and carry out all I tell you, I will be an enemy to your enemies and a foe to your foes. My angel will go before you and bring you to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites and Jebusites; and I will wipe them out.”

Judith 13:20 – “As the same Lord lives, his angel has been my keeper both going hence and abiding there, and returning from there here; and the Lord has not suffered me his handmaid to be defiled, but has brought me back to you without pollution of sin, rejoicing for his victory, for my escape, and for your deliverance.”

Psalm 34:8 – “The angel of the LORD, who encamps with them, delivers all who fear God.”

Psalm 91:11-13 – “For God commands the angels to guard you in all your ways. With their hands they shall support you, lest you strike your foot against a stone. You shall tread upon the asp and the viper, trample the lion and the dragon.”  God reveals to David that the angels will guard and protect him.  Since this Psalm was written about 1,000 years before Christ, the belief in guardian angels was well-established among the Jews. 

Dan. 10:13 – “but the prince of the kingdom of Persia stood in my way for twenty-one days, until finally Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me. I left him there with the prince of the kings of Persia…”  See also Dan. 4:17; 10:10-21; and Acts 16:6 where angels serve as guardians of entire countries. 

Matt.18:10 - "See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that their angels in heaven always look upon the face of my heavenly Father.” Jesus’ use of “their angels” (hoi angeloi auton) in reference to “one of these little ones” (enos ton micron touton) indicates that each “little one” has an angel to guard and protect the little one.

Acts 12:14-15 – “She was so overjoyed when she recognized Peter's voice that, instead of opening the gate, she ran in and announced that Peter was standing at the gate. They told her, "You are out of your mind," but she insisted that it was so. But they kept saying, “It is his angel.”  This demonstrates that adults also have guardian angels.  The phrase “they kept saying” also shows that the belief in guardian angels was common in the early Church. 

Acts 16:9 – “During the night Paul had a vision. A Macedonian stood before him and implored him with these words, "Come over to Macedonia and help us.”  See also Acts 5:19; 8:26; 10:3,22; 11:13).

Heb. 1:14 – “Are they not all ministering spirits sent to serve, for the sake of those who are to inherit salvation?”  This verse clearly indicates that God created the angels to help us achieve salvation.

Rev. 1:20 – “This is the secret meaning of the seven stars you saw in my right hand, and of the seven gold lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.”

Rev. 3:1 - "To the angel of the church in Sardis, write this: 'The one who has the seven spirits of God and the seven stars says this: “I know your works, that you have the reputation of being alive, but you are dead.” See the presence of the “seven angels” also in Rev. 1:4,20; 3:1; 8:2,6; Isaiah 63:9 and Tobit 12:15.

Gen. 16:6; 24:7; Judith 13:20; Hos. 12:4; 1 Kings 19:5 – other references to guardian angels.

Top

 

The Nine Choirs of Angels

Scripture reveals that God created nine choirs of angels (or three hierarchies of three choirs each, which reflect the Blessed Trinity):
 
1.      Angels
 
These are the lowest choir of the angels and have the most interaction with human beings.  There are over 200 references in Scripture of the “angels”: 
 
Old Testament: Gen. 19:1,12,15; 48:16; Ex. 3:2; 14:9; 23:20; 23:23; 32:34; 33:2; Num. 20:16; 22:22-27; 31-32; 34-35; Deut. 32:43; Judges 2:1,4; 6:11-12; 20-22; 13:3,6,9,13,15-16,18,20-21; 1 Sam. 29:10; 2 Sam. 14:17,20; 19:27; 24:16-17; 1 Kings 13:18; 19:5,7; 2 Kings 1:3,15; 19:35; 1 Chron. 12:22; 21:12,15-16; 21:18, 27, 30; 32:21; Tobit 5:4,17,22-6:1,4-5,7; 11:14; 12:15,22; Esth. 11:13; 1 Macc. 7:41; 2 Macc. 11:6; 15:22-23; Job 4:18; 33:23; Psalm 34:7; 35:5-6; 91:11; 103:20; 148:2; Wis. 16:20; Isaiah 37:36; 63:9; Baruch 6:6; Dan. 3:28,49,58; 6:22; 13:55b,59b; 14:34,36,39; Hos. 12:4; Zech. 1:9,11-14,19; 2:3; 3:1-3,5-6; 4:4-5,10; 5:5,10; 6:4-5; 12:8. 
 
New Testament: Matt. 1:20,24; 2:13,19; 4:6,11; 13:39,41,49; 16:27; 18:10; 22:30; 24:31,36; 25:31,41; 26:53; 28:2,5; Mark 1:13; 8:38; 12:25; 13:27; 13:32; Luke 1:11,13,18-19; Luke 1:26,30,34-35,38; 2:9-10; 2:13,15,21; 4:10; 9:26; 12:8-9; 15:10; 16:22; 20:36; 22:43; 24:23; John 1:51; 12:29; 20:12; Acts 5:19; 6:15; 7:30,35,38,53; 8:26; 10:3,7,22; 11:13; 12:7-11,15,23; 23:8-9; 27:23; Rom. 8:38; 1 Cor. 4:9; 6:3; 11:10; 2 Cor. 11:14; 12:7; Gal. 1:8; 3:19; 4:14; Col. 2:18; 2 Thess. 2:17; 1 Tim. 3:16; 1 Tim. 5:21; Heb. 1:4-7,13; 2:2,5,7,9,16; 12:22; 13:2; 1 Peter 1:12; 3:22; 2 Peter 2:4,11; Jude 1:6; Rev. 1:1,20-2:1,8,12,18; 3:1,5,7,14; 5:2,11; 7:1-2,11; 8:2-6,8,10,12-9:1,11,13-15; 10:1,5,7-9; 11:15; 12:7,9; 14:6,8-10; 14:15,17-19; 15:1,6-16:5,8,10,12,17; 17:1,7; 18:1,21; 19:9,17; 20:1; 21:9,12,17; 22:1,6,8,16.
 
2.      Archangels
 
The archangels compromise another choir of the angels and possess special powers and duties, including announcing the end of the world and judgment:
 
1 Thess. 4:16 – “For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the archangel's call, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first…”
 
Scripture reveals the names of three archangels: Michael, Gabriel and Raphael.
 
Michael
 
Dan. 10:13 – “but the prince of the kingdom of Persia stood in my way for twenty-one days, until finally Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me. I left him there with the prince of the kings of Persia”
 
Dan. 10:21 – “but I shall tell you what is written in the truthful book. No one supports me against all these except Michael, your prince” 
 
Dan. 12:1 – “At that time there shall arise Michael, the great prince, guardian of your people;  It shall be a time unsurpassed in distress since nations began until that time. At that time your people shall escape, everyone who is found written in the book.”
 
Jude: 1:9 – “Yet the archangel Michael, when he argued with the devil in a dispute over the body of Moses, did not venture to pronounce a reviling judgment upon him but said, “May the Lord rebuke you!”
 
Rev. 12:7 – “Then war broke out in heaven; Michael and his angels battled against the dragon.”
 
Gabriel
 
Dan. 8:16 – “and on the Ulai I heard a human voice that cried out, "Gabriel, explain the vision to this man."

Dan. 9:21 – “I was still occupied with this prayer, when Gabriel, the one whom I had seen before in vision, came to me in rapid flight at the time of the evening sacrifice.”

Luke 1:19 -  “And the angel said to him in reply, "I am Gabriel, who stand before God. I was sent to speak to you and to announce to you this good news.”

Luke 1:26 – “In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town of Galilee called Nazareth…”
 
Raphael
 
Tobit 3:17 – “So Raphael was sent to heal them both: to remove the cataracts from Tobit's eyes, so that he might again see God's sunlight; and to marry Raguel's daughter Sarah to Tobit's son Tobiah, and then drive the wicked demon Asmodeus from her.”

Tobit 5:4 – “Tobiah went to look for someone acquainted with the roads who would travel with him to Media. As soon as he went out, he found the angel Raphael standing before him, though he did not know that this was an angel of God.”

Tobit 5:8 – “Raphael replied, "Very well, I will wait for you; but do not be long."

Tobit 5:10 – “When Raphael entered the house, Tobit greeted him first. Raphael said, "Hearty greetings to you!" Tobit replied: "What joy is left for me any more? Here I am, a blind man who cannot see God's sunlight, but must remain in darkness, like the dead who no longer see the light! Though alive, I am among the dead. I can hear a man's voice, but I cannot see him." Raphael said, "Take courage! God has healing in store for you; so take courage!" Tobit then said: "My son Tobiah wants to go to Media. Can you go with him to show him the way? I will of course pay you, brother." Raphael answered: "Yes, I can go with him, for I know all the routes. I have often traveled to Media and crossed all its plains and mountains; so I know every road well.”

Tobit 5:12-13 - “Raphael said: "Why? Do you need a tribe and a family? Or are you looking for a hired man to travel with your son?" Tobit replied, "I wish to know truthfully whose son you are, brother, and what your name is."  Raphael answered, "I am Azariah, son of Hananiah the elder, one of your own kinsmen.”

Tobit 5:16 – “I will even add a bonus to your wages!" Raphael replied: "I will go with him; have no fear. In good health we shall leave you, and in good health we shall return to you, for the way is safe.”

Tobit 6:11- “Raphael said to the boy, "Brother Tobiah!" He answered, "Yes, what is it?" Raphael continued: "Tonight we must stay with Raguel, who is a relative of yours.”

Tobit 6:16 – “Raphael said to him: "Do you not remember your father's orders? He commanded you to marry a woman from your own family. So now listen to me, brother; do not give another thought to this demon, but marry Sarah. I know that tonight you shall have her for your wife!”

Tobit 6:18 – “When Tobiah heard Raphael say that she was his kinswoman, of his own family's lineage, he fell deeply in love with her, and his heart became set on her.”

Tobit 7:9 – “Afterward, Raguel slaughtered a ram from the flock and gave them a cordial reception. When they had bathed and reclined to eat, Tobiah said to Raphael, "Brother Azariah, ask Raguel to let me marry my kinswoman Sarah."

Tobit 8:3 – “The demon, repelled by the odor of the fish, fled into Upper Egypt; Raphael pursued him there and bound him hand and foot. Then Raphael returned immediately.”

Tobit 9:1 – “Then Tobiah called Raphael and said to him…”

Tobit 9:5 – “So Raphael, together with the four servants and two camels, traveled to Rages in Media, where they stayed at Gabael's house. Raphael gave Gabael his bond and told him about Tobit's son Tobiah, and that he had married and was inviting him to the wedding celebration. Gabael promptly checked over the sealed moneybags, and they placed them on the camels.”

Tobit 11:1 – “Then they left and began their return journey. When they were near Kaserin, just before Nineveh, Raphael said…”

Tobit 11:4 - So they both went on ahead and Raphael said to Tobiah, "Have the gall in your hand!" And the dog ran along behind them.”

Tobit 11:7 – “Raphael said to Tobiah before he reached his father: "I am certain that his eyes will be opened.”

Tobit 12:5-6 – “So Tobiah called Raphael and said, "Take as your wages half of all that you have brought back, and go in peace. Raphael called the two men aside privately and said to them: "Thank God! Give him the praise and the glory. Before all the living, acknowledge the many good things he has done for you, by blessing and extolling his name in song. Before all men, honor and proclaim God's deeds, and do not be slack in praising him.”

Tobit 12:15 – “I am Raphael, one of the seven angels who enter and serve before the Glory of the Lord."  See also Rev. 1:4,20; 3:1; 8:2,6; and Isaiah 63:9 which refer to these seven angels which serve the Lord in heaven.

Tobit 12:17 – “But Raphael said to them: "No need to fear; you are safe. Thank God now and forever.”

Tobit 12:20 – “So now get up from the ground and praise God. Behold, I am about to ascend to him who sent me; write down all these things that have happened to you. When Raphael ascended…”
 
 
3.      Principalities
 
The word “principalities” (or “princes”) comes from the Greek arche (plural is archai) which comes from archomai, meaning “beginning” or “commencement.” The Latin is princeps (singular) and principates (plural). The Hebrew sar has the same meaning.

Rom. 8:38 – “For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor present things, nor future things, nor powers…”

Eph. 3:10 – “so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the principalities and authorities in the heavens.”

Eph. 6:12 – “For our struggle is not with flesh and blood but with the principalities, with the powers, with the world rulers of this present darkness, with the evil spirits in the heavens.”

Col. 1:16 – “For in him were created all things in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things were created through him and for him.”

Col. 2:15 – “despoiling the principalities and the powers, he made a public spectacle of them, leading them away in triumph by it.”


4.      Powers

The word “power” comes from the Greek exousia, which literally means power that is “out of” (ex) the “substantial being” (ousia).  The Latin is potestatem. 

Eph. 1:21- “far above every principality, power, virtue, and dominion, and every name that is named not only in this age but also in the one to come.”

1 Peter 3:22 – “who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, powers and virtues subject to him.”


      5.  Virtues

The word “virtue” comes from the Greek dunamis (plural, dunamies) which connotes strength and the ability to do something powerful.  The Latin is virtus (plural, virtutes). 

Eph. 1:21- “far above every principality, power, virtue, and dominion, and every name that is named not only in this age but also in the one to come.”

1 Peter 3:22 – “who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, powers and virtues subject to him.”


6.      Dominations

The word “dominations” (or “dominions”) comes from the Greek kyriotes (plural, kyriotetes) and connotes lordship, authority and sovereignty.  The source word Kyrios is used to refer to God in the Greek translation of the Old Testament (the Septuagint).  See also examples in the New Testament, such as Luke 1:43, where Elizabeth asks Mary, “How is it that the mother of my Kyrios (Lord) should come to me?”  This is why Catholics call Mary the “Mother of God” (because God inspired Elizabeth to say the same thing).

Eph. 1:21 – “far above every principality, power, virtue, and dominion, and every name that is named not only in this age but also in the one to come.”

Col. 1:16 – “For in him were created all things in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things were created through him and for him.”


7.      Thrones

The word “thrones” comes from the Greek thronos (plural, thronoi) and refers to the seat of majesty, which God shares with His angels (see Ex. 3; 13:21; 14:19; 33:14; Judges 6; 13; Acts 7:31-33).

Col. 1:16 – “For in him were created all things in heaven and on earth, the visible and the invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers; all things were created through him and for him.”


8.      Cherubim

The word “cherubim” probably comes from the Hebrew word qareb which means “near,” which is usually used in the context of coming near to God to offer worship or sacrifice.  Hence, the angels are intimately involved in assisting at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass.

Gen. 3:24 – “When he expelled the man, he settled him east of the garden of Eden; and he stationed the cherubim and the fiery revolving sword, to guard the way to the tree of life.”

Psalm 80:1 – “Shepherd of Israel, listen, guide of the flock of Joseph! From your throne upon the cherubim reveal yourself.”

Psalm 99:1 – “The LORD is king, the peoples tremble; God is enthroned on the cherubim, the earth quakes.”

Isaiah 37:16 – “O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, enthroned upon the cherubim! You alone are God over all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made the heavens and the earth.”

Ezekiel 10:1-4:  “Then I looked, and behold, on the firmament that was over the heads of the cherubim there appeared above them something like a sapphire, in form resembling a throne. And he said to the man clothed in linen, Go in among the whirling wheels underneath the cherubim; fill your hands with burning coals from between the cherubim, and scatter them over the city. And he went in before my eyes. Now the cherubim were standing on the south side of the house, when the man went in; and a cloud filled the inner court.” See also the remaining verses 4-22.

Dan. 3:55 - “Blessed are you who look into the depths from your throne upon the cherubim, praiseworthy and exalted above all forever.”

Ex. 25:18; 25:20; 26:1,31; 26:31; 36:8; 36:35; 37:7,9; Num. 7:89; 1 Sam. 4:4; 2 Sam. 6:2; 1 Kings 6:23,25,27-29, 32,35; 7:29,36; 8:6-7; 2 Kings 19:15; 1 Chron. 13:6; 28:18; 2 Chron. 3:7,10-11,13-14; 5:7-8; Ezek. 41:18,20,25; Heb. 9:5 – the cherubim are also made into images to facilitate the worship of God.


9.      Seraphim

The word “seraphim” is from the Hebrew sarap which means “to burn.”  Thus, seraphim are known as the “burning ones” which reflect their burning love for God.

Isaiah 6:2 – “Seraphim were stationed above; each of them had six wings: with two they veiled their faces, with two they veiled their feet, and with two they hovered aloft.”

Isaiah 6:6 – “Then one of the seraphim flew to me, holding an ember which he had taken with tongs from the altar.”

Ezek. 1:13 – “In among the living creatures something like burning coals of fire could be seen; they seemed like torches, moving to and fro among the living creatures. The fire gleamed, and from it came forth flashes of lightning.”

Num. 21:4-9 – “From Mount Hor they set out on the Red Sea road, to by-pass the land of Edom. But with their patience worn out by the journey, the people complained against God and Moses, "Why have you brought us up from Egypt to die in this desert, where there is no food or water? We are disgusted with this wretched food!" In punishment the LORD sent among the people saraph serpents, which bit the people so that many of them died. Then the people came to Moses and said, "We have sinned in complaining against the LORD and you. Pray the LORD to take the serpents from us." So Moses prayed for the people, and the LORD said to Moses, "Make a saraph and mount it on a pole, and if anyone who has been bitten looks at it, he will recover.”

Gen. 3:1-15; Rev. 12:3-4,7-9,12-13,15,17; 20:2 – suggests that Satan is a fallen Seraph (the evil “seraph serpent” which is also alluded to in Num. 21:4-9).

Top

 


Copyright 2001 - 2007 © by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.
johnsalza@scripturecatholic.com