tadalafil tablets 20 mg sydney do we have xenical weightloss in rsa cuanto sale xenical en uruguay take azithromycin 1000 mg risks of lexapro in pregnancy acetazolamide 125 mg paxil attention deficit disorder where to buy viagra in italy is taking 2 800 mg of ibuprofen bad best way to take prednisone to stop gas best way split cialis viagra for women in norwich next day delivery what works best with levitra plavix in a pt with patent cabg azithromycin online cvs in tx celexa 20 mg withdrawal ibuprofen 200 mg tablet atorvastatin 20 mg tablets generic proscar problems order finasteride online no prescription in the us claritin over counter price como tomar o viagra generico where can i buy propecia foam hair regrowth cheap viagra samples how much ibuprofen is safe for cramps robaxin in drug screen much does prednisone cost walgreens does prescription motrin have codeine in it cipro bertibarots canada cost of plavix on medicare prednisone online now is viagra available in generic sildenafil clomid out of pocket cost at cvs purchase cialis in shoppers drug mart what is the price of atorvastatin at walgreens levitra taking 40 mg azithromycin dihydrate buy online cheapest vardenafil in uk positive reviews for remeron how to buy viagra using paypal protonix liquid dosage lamisil 250 mg yan etkileri is non prescription clomid safe is finasteride 1 mg safe for married persons will amoxicillin treat strep throat in adults common side effects with cialis 5 mg nortriptyline and headaches australia generic substitute avalide generic reglan 10mg buy generic propecia online uk aciclovir crema in varicela safe take viagra ecstacy buy triamcinolone acetonide injection no prescription buy clomid online no prescription cheap phenergan in pregnancy dose atorvastatin 10 mg withdrawal metronidazole 500 mg po bid 3000 mg ibuprofen daily ic quetiapine 100 mg overdose symptoms use of clopidogrel in acute mi buy accutane in usa norvasc 10 mg tablet yan etkileri furosemide bertibarots canada reviews of bupropion hcl xl where to buy prometrium suppositories prednisone 20mg for dogs uk should i take viagra generic does depo provera come in pill form prednisone in utero can i cut norvasc in half buy super kamagra hong kong remeron soltab 30 mg ms cipla indapamide 2.5 mg is priligy licensed in the uk viagra over the counter in lanzarote comprar viagra online tenerife azithromycin cures chlamydia in how many days viagra rezeptpflichtig in ?sterreich price of asacol in canada how much is viagra in delhi viagra in chandigarh cefpodoxime side effects in dogs get prozac australia can e.coli growth in ampicillin naproxen 500 mg can it help gout cetirizine tablet price in india buy cialis 30 oral suspension etodolac 300 mg espanol bipolar disorder stopping risperidone medicamentos genericos de celebrex generic xenical orlistat 60 mg by ranbaxy lisinopril hctz 10 12.5 mg tab no rx required preço allegra d generico prednisone for use in arthritis pain cheapest place to buy cymbalta olanzapine 10mg cost methocarbamol 500 mg tab dosing for cats captopril 25 mg medley high taxes in a socialist country safe way to buy cialis tadalafil guercmorteo for sale amoxicillin 500 mg capsule competitive brand of nitroglycerin allegra 180 in india doxycycline malaria prophylaxis cost alimentazione in terapia coumadin benicar 20 mg prices clomid safe to buy online bula do medicamento flagyl 250 mg prix du panadol zestoretic 20 12.5 mg generic for albuterol hfa dramamine se puede usar en el embarazo zyban rezeptfrei kaufen does naproxen 500 mg cause drowsiness augmentin per mal di denti in gravidanza 30 mg accutane journal cialis tablets in india is coumadin over the counter how long is synthroid in your system crestor 10 mg price walmart aripiprazole lauroxil price trazodone 300 mg street value 250 mg lamisil oral have to masterbate using cialis can i order metronidazole online zyrtec bad taste in mouth isotretinoin actavis 20 mg alkoholi cheapest place to buy flovent levalbuterol 2.5 mg what are the inactive ingredients in azithromycin oxcarbazepine 150 mg street value atacand 32 mg preis metoclopramide use in animals ufe specialists in decatur ga list of lung specialist in memphis tn viagra online made india losartan 25 mg hydrochlorothiazide 12.5mg nitrofurantoin in pregnancy safety naproxen 500 mg medicament brand name for clotrimazole discount vouchers for cialis xenical oral online will a supermarket doctor perscribe viagra aciclovir stada 800 mg is benadryl allergy safe to take while pregnant buying viagra in mexico and bringing it back clomid over the counter usa accutane pricing canada wellbutrin and seizure disorder tadalafil 5mg tablets canadian pharmacy is naproxen an over the counter medication how do you use levitra 20 mg cialis 20 mg 4 lisinopril 10 mg diagnostico lamictal for social anxiety disorder liquid cialis tadalafil citrate steroids prometrium 200 mg benefits gen ranitidine 150 mg dulcolax zäpfchen in wasser auflösen can u buy viagra in boots in aricept generic availability acyclovir 800 mg once daily cold sore how much is prilosec 40 mg salep nizoral untuk kucing viagra men brand cialis sicuro online forum can i take 2 nexium 20 mg a day atomoxetine dose in canada best eye cream for accutane generic name for cipro xl warfarin 10 mg zydus phar side effect of clindamycin 300 mg amlodipine 5 mg and a fib bali buy viagra order quetiapine online uk phenazopyridine hydrochloride brand name which salt in viagra tab cost of zyban uk ratings generic cialis acyclovir 400mg price shoppers drug mart pain specialists in oregon buy escitalopram from india metformin 500 mg apotheke is hydroxyzine safe for anxiety voltaren 75 mg dosage cheap generic acyclovir no prescription online generic pills for viagra furosemide liquid package insert 1000 mg metformin once a day is a generic available for avodart how much meloxicam can you take in a day best time day take protonix losartan 50 mg ficha tecnica generico de la xenical buy cefadroxil uk side effects of cialis of using 1800 mg does generic aricept work accutane working in two weeks reciprocal states for payroll tax propecia guercmorteo online is it safe to cut benadryl in half cialis for bph buy on line without prescription elavil 50 mg precio amoxicillin over the counter malaysia cataflam 50 mg mellékhatásai maximum safe dose lasix cialis costo scatola estrace benefits in women amaryl 2 mg etken maddesi for how much time viagra remain in blood femara side effects australia ciprofloxacin 250 mg was taugt es bijwerkingen arava 20 mg bupropion and bipolar disorder dexamethasone vs prednisone in pregnancy beipackzettel cialis 10 mg 175 mg of synthroid can lisinopril 10 mg be crushed prevacid 15 mg cap metoprolol succ er 50 mg twice a day glucophage 500 mg effetti collaterali dulcolax safe dose range where can i buy pink viagra in hyderabad cat costa aciclovir pastile buy viagra olos angeles generic augmentin costs clotrimazole applicator in pregnancy lamisil once cost domperidone maleate in pregnancy sams club pharmacy price for 100 mg viagra risperdal consta 50 mg prix borderline seroquel prolong cefadroxil in skin and soft tissue infections viagra purchase in kerala donde puedo comprar xenical mas barato acheter orlistat sandoz 60 mg buy hydrocodone promethazine is there a generic levitra for sale yet meloxicam 15 mg carpal tunnel cheap kamagra oral jelly india side effects of levaquin in elderly 750 mg voltaren compresse quanto costa acyclovir 400 mg 3 times daily hoodia weight loss plant brand diet pill is it safe to take phenergan with percocet biaxin 500 mg er wellbutrin xl take in morning or evening depo provera cost ireland has diovan gone generic anafranil 75 mg nebenwirkungen side effects topiramate 25 mg tablets allopurinol use in birds cialis cheaper alternative clotrimazole cream over the counter naproxen is safe in pregnancy is it safe to take viagra with steroids fludex lp indapamide 1.5 mg is it safe to be on prozac while pregnant generic viagra paypal fedex overnight metronidazole 500 mg make me urine more is it safe to take ibuprofen after drinking the best viagra pills what does cymbalta cost at walmart walmart price propecia ketoconazole cream 2 hair user review naproxen 500 mg are they strong best time to drink metformin generic prescription for plavix zocor bijsluiter 20 mg why is tadalafil cheaper then cialis rexall generic viagra metronidazole and colitis in dogs site to purchase vardenafil pills topamax price cvs iphone mod products men health cialis order turkmen soviet socialist republic size in square miles order generic cialis india tinidazole how to buy betamethasone cream 0.05 over counter nexium generic price prevacid go generic what doctors give viagra in seattle vipps online pharmacy viagra celebrex 200mg price uk cialis for daily use dosage reviews warfarin dosing in cvvh is there a trus generic viagra nexium 40 mg compensat does cialis pills come in 120 mg why is wellbutrin contraindicated in bulimia best way to take tetracycline ciprofloxacin and tendon damage in adults metronidazole market bupropion hcl xl side effects 300 mg is diltiazem safe is it safe to take zovirax during pregnancy nifedipine er 24 hr 60 mg doxycycline 100 mg tabletki para que sirve seroquel 25 mg augmentin in cellulitis what works best 1 mg propecia of 5mg prednisone 20 mg for allergies vardenafil generic levitra xenical pills online kupovina.rs clomid prescription uk what are the ingredients in nizoral socialism programs in the united states discount levitra canada para que sirve estradiol 1 mg safe cut seroquel half obat salep yang mengandung ketoconazole how many puffs in an albuterol mdi tegretol purchase how to pronounce metronidazole in english premarin 0625 mg cream is viagra available in tesco best price for metronidazole costco 500mg dogs how to stop taking propranolol 10 mg which companies produce tadalafil in pakistan ofloxacin reviews what is augmentin used for in toddlers gebruik ibuprofen 200 mg can simvastatin cause blood in urine kamagra gel oral 50 mg ajanta difference in omeprazole and lansoprazole prices for rizatriptan lansoprazole 30 mg cheap cialis for sale without a prescription fluconazole 150mg online zyprexa side effects reviews teva atorvastatin 80 mg kamagra import uk generic wellbutrin reviews rhinocort safe in pregnancy isotretinoin best moisturiser is taking ondansetron safe while pregnant side effects in singulair viagra discovery story plavix price france xeloda 500 mg headaches loratadine 240 mg macrobid in system azathioprine in uc can i take 4 tablet 5 mg cialis at once clopidogrel winthrop price philippines gabapentin in deutsch fexofenadine 180 mg bottle switching from generic to brand name zoloft is 300 mg of zoloft safe is it safe for a lactating mother to take ciprotab metformin peso price diovan 160 mg preço ar there generic over the counter viagra review cialis over counter normal estradiol levels day 3 uk prednisolone for croup in toddlers meloxicam 7.5 mg is for gout cipro 200 mg flakon viagra generico ita uses of cefixime in typhoid canada wellbutrin xl can azithromycin 200 mg cause hyperactivity in toddlers dose of dexamethasone in fetal lung maturity zithromax 200 mg liquid flagyl forte 500 mg over the counter drug interactions with atenolol elimite cream canada pantoprazole controloc 40 mg price for estrace how long does dexamethasone last in dogs fluconazole 150 mg once a day can you put viagra in food buying valtrex cheap can i take 20 mg of singulair buy doxycycline online no prescription canada where can i buy protonix amoxicillin buy online india wirkt simvastatin 40 mg mirtazapine 30 mg first time clonidine er 0.2 mg protonix liquid dose risperdal 1 mg. solución oral where can i buy tretinoin cream 025 quanto custa losartan 50 mg erste banka provera stanja na racunu online i need a price of cialis 20 mg from walmart. mebendazole side effects in humans georgian soviet socialist republic in what time zone is generic propecia as good as brand name metronidazole 250 mg human does viagra come in different colors composition crestor 10 mg where can i buy bactrim ds over night chloramphenicol eye ointment pfizer india price safe mix vicodin motrin low priced prescription viagra flagyl antibiotico costo kamagra kaufen preis viagra available in australia cialis cvs generic prospecto losartan 50 mg can you get botox while using levofloxacin 500 mg is it safe to drink alcohol on metformin buy esomeprazole cheap online levitra free insurance buy obagi tretinoin cream 0.1 for sale purchase nitroglycerin when will plavix be available as a generic drug clonidine 0.1 mg tablet viagra cheap price guarantee cardura xl 8 mg ne i?e yarar topiramate suspension uk cialis seri?se online apotheke ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg for uti side effects candesartan 4 mg dosage tricare pharmacy prices lisinopril is there a generic for crestor 10mg ibuprofen over the counter doses 40 mg of prednisone daily enalapril nombre generico does benadryl build up in your system indomethacin er 75 mg capsule trazodone 50 mg para dormir celecoxib 200 mg capsule spc what is the generic for ventolin hfa is generic cialis work sildenafil 20 mg brands name in india for pah alpha pharm price for 10mg roaccutane xenical frei kaufen cialis in cozumel safe viagra rezeptfrei in kroatien viagra on line to buy terbinafine 250 mg how long to work for ringworm azithromycin stays in the body cost of generic zoloft prevacid 30 mg en espanol cefdinir 250 mg efectos secundarios best dosage of remeron women viagra buy online luvox safe while breastfeeding bekomme ich viagra ohne rezept in der apotheke can you drink alcohol while taking fluconazole 150 mg aciclovir pode comprar sem receita effect of tamoxifen in endometrium risks of thyroxine in pregnancy when the generic viagra will be available in us the generic for cymbalta thuoc orlistat 120 mg how many mg can i take for cialis donde comprar cytotec honduras levitra usa overnight shipping buy generic valacyclovir online no prescription caffeine in diet pills what is cephalexin 250 mg for can cialis and no xplode be taken in same day come ordinare viagra online augmentin duo 625 dosage in a day purchase viagra cipla is omeprazole safe for babies viagra or cialis in english pantoprazole 40 mg in india dosage for amoxicillin 500 mg by weight is thyroxine sodium safe apo furosemide 40 mg effet secondaire trileptal comprar intervention specialist education in ohio vardenafil 20 mg with alcohol how much are sildenafil teva 100mg to buy hairloss where to buy propecia online reviews what is a normal estradiol level in men keflex for e coli in urine prednisolone safe kids ibuprofen 400 mg upotreba xenical 120 mg prescription drugs ibuprofen dosage 400 mg glipizide dose in cats depo provera cost in the philippines sertraline to buy pct nolvadex australia online cyklokapron 500 mg azithromycin one dose cost is viagra from aurochem safe on line generic viagra nitrofurantoin 200 mg twice daily 1000 mg ibuprofen pills viagra in malaysai risperidone associated increase in triglyceride levels clomipramine in dogs side effects no generic propecia xenical roche reviews 75 mg of strattera yahoo answers is 40 mg lasix too much phenergan dosing in renal failure why take hydroxyzine hcl 25 mg tablet minocycline at walmart telmisartan tablets 40 mg lowest price in india why is allegra k so cheap crestor 5 mg canada where to buy cialis over counter hong kong


PURGATORY—Q&A

1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

2. Purgatory on earth

3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

4. Baptisms on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Back Home Next
 


1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

Phillip: Just reading your justification for the belief in Purgatory but to tell you the truth, I found it unconvincing. Realistically, I believe you must choose to accept Jesus while we are alive, after death, we don't get a second chance. God's willingness to forgive our transgressions "while we are alive" is second chance enough. Purgatory is a fable, along with the deification of Mary & the saints (all believers in Christ are considered saints according to scripture). You must come up with more to convince me that the "faith" I have been raised in is accurate. I would prefer to get my information directly from a Bible that was not changed by Constantine, The Jehovah Witness, The Mormon etc. The Word of God is infallible, the pope is human and thus, very fallible. Sorry to be such a poor sport, but the "faith" has let me down.

A disallusioned Catholic,

Phillip (Toronto, Canada)

J. Salza: Phillip, if you wish to get your "information directly from the Bible," then look to 1 Cor. 3:12-17.  In these passages, Paul is talking about how God judges our works after death by using a string of metaphors (we are God's building; works are good and bad materials, etc.).  Paul says that if a person builds with good materials, he will receive a reward (verse 14).  If he builds with a mixture of good and bad materials, his work is burned up, but he is still saved (verse 15).  If he only builds with bad materials, he has destroyed the temple, and God will destroy him (verse 17).

This passage demonstrates several things.  First, it demonstrates that our works serve as a basis for determining our salvation.  This is contrary to the erroneous Protestant belief that, once we accept Jesus by faith alone, we are saved.  Protestants have no good explanation for why Paul is teaching the Corinthians that our works bear upon our salvation.  Second, the verse demonstrates that, if a person does both good and bad works, his bad works are punished, but he is still saved.  The Greek phrase for "suffer loss" (zemiothesetai) means "to be punished."  This means the man undergoes an expiation of temporal punishment for his bad works (sins) but is still saved.  The phrase “but only” or “yet so” (in Greek, houtos) means "in the same manner." This means that the man must pass through the fire in the same way that his bad works passed through the fire, in order to expiate himself of the things that led him to produce the bad works in the first place.

This demonstrates that there is punishment after death, followed by salvation. The Church calls this purification “Purgatory.” If accepting Jesus as Savior by faith alone during one's life were true, there would be no punishment after death for those who are saved. Your sins would already be washed away. This passage proves that there is punishment and forgiveness after death, followed by salvation.  This biblical teaching of a post-death punishment by fire which is followed by salvation is inimical to Protestant theology.

Phillip, there is nothing new under the sun, other than an ongoing splintering of Protestant Christianity.  If you study the early Church Fathers and medievals, you will see that they were all Catholic.  Don't imbibe this Protestant mentality of "Jesus, the Bible and me."  God gave us His Holy Catholic Church, built upon the rock of St. Peter, to whom Christ gave the keys to the kingdom of heaven, and the authority to bind and loose in heaven what he binds and looses on earth.

Study your Catholic faith by reading Catholic material (fathers, doctors, etc.), not by listening to the typical, polemical, anti-Catholicism that is always historically ignorant, and intellectually groundless. If I can be of further assistance, please write again.

Top

 


2. Purgatory on earth

Ellen: Please help me.  My Mom just passed away on April 19 (84 years of age) following surgery and after suffering for two and one-half months – a suffering that reduced her to a point of struggling for her mental faculties, her ability to eat was lost, too weak to speak properly and, as far as what was required of her in the hospital, a complete loss of dignity, privacy, pride.  I saw her will broken and brought to the umpteenth power in humility.  My mother was devoted to the Blessed Mother and the recitation of the rosary all of her life, received visits from the parish priests to hear her confession and to administer the Eucharist as she was homebound.  It is hard for my human mind to conceive the necessity for her to have been required to suffer more for her sins and to be in a place of purification, not yet able to be with the Lord.  The Lord I have lived my life for is a Lord of love and incomprehensible mercy and compassion.  Please help me to understand.  Thank you.

Ellen

J. Salza: Dear Ellen. Thank you for your email.  I will keep your mother in prayer.  I had the same experience with my grandfather.

The Church teaches that purgatory is a place where those, assured of their eternal salvation with Christ, go for a final purification, IF they need it. Certainly, your mother's suffering here on earth was a purification for her, and only God knows whether her soul was prepared to enter the eternal bliss of the Blessed Trinity at the moment of her death.  She certainly could have been ready because of her sufferings on earth. Purgatory is a state after death where God both forgives venial sins, and purifies us from the temporal punishment due to our sins already forgiven.  Again, only God knows the state of the soul at death.

But you shouldn't worry; you should pray for your mother.  She was certainly blessed to receive the sacraments during her illness. She also had a devotion to the Blessed Mother.  These are incredible blessings which prepared her for heaven.  Let's all hope we are that blessed. Also, remember not to view purgatory negatively.  God gave us purgatory because of His incomprehensible love and mercy that you beautifully describe.  It is the dressing room for heaven.  Those in purgatory will be with Christ forever. Thanks again for writing.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

Kevin: I have reviewed your page on purgatory and find it to be full of false teaching. For example, you say on your website: “Matt. 12:32 - Jesus clearly provides that there is forgiveness after death. Forgiveness is not necessary in heaven, and there is no forgiveness in hell. This proves that there is another state after death, and the Church for nearly 2,000 years has called this state purgatory.” However, Matthew 12:32 Makes no reference to forgiveness after death.  It simply states that "anyone who speaks against the Son of Man will be forgiven..."

J. Salza: Kevin, you are incorrect.  Just read the words:  "[He] will not be forgiven
either in this age or in the age to come." Matt. 12:32. The phrase “in the age” (in Greek, en to mellonti) refers to the afterlife (see, for example, Mk 10:30; Lk 18:30; 20:34-35; Eph. 2:1). Jesus is saying that one can be forgiven either in this age (earthly life) or in the age to come (after death).  Those who are in heaven (which is in the age to come) have no need for forgiveness (true), and those who are in hell (which is in the age to come) cannot be forgiven (true).  Therefore, there must be another state in the age to come where we can be forgiven (true).  This is purgatory. If you choose to further dialogue, please address this analysis.

Kevin:  Luke 12:47 Makes no reference to a state outside of heaven or hell.  God will hold us accountable for our actions & duties we performed or failed to perform here on Earth based on our level of spiritual privilege. Those trusted with much will be held to a higher level of accountability before God.  God will judge us based on the light available to the person. (See Romans 2:12)  This part of scripture explains how Gentiles before Christ (servants who did not know better) will not be judged for failing to obey laws they did not possess or have knowledge of, their judgement will be based on other grounds (basically good deeds or moral law). Whereas Jews who had the Mosaic law (the servants who know better) will be held to a different level of accountability.

J. Salza: Your analysis can be considered plausible, but it fails to consider the real import - award and judgment at the second coming of Christ. The Lord is using a parable to describe the end times when the Master comes.  When Christ comes, some will be rewarded in heaven, some will be punished in hell (severely beaten), and some will only be beaten slightly (those who are ignorant of Christ's will).  One can also plausibly analogize this slight beating to the purgatorial fires Paul writes of in 1 Corinthians 3:15. Agreeably, it is not the strongest text on the doctrine of purgatory (there are others such as above and in Corinthians), but it reveals a level of punishment after death, and that not all punishment is severe (eternal).

Kevin: You say: “Luke 16:19-31 - in this story, we see that the dead rich man is suffering but still feels compassion for his brothers and wants to warn them of his place of suffering. But there is no suffering in heaven or compassion in hell. So where is the rich man? He is in purgatory.” The first two words from Luke 16:23 "In hell..." clearly states that the rich man is in hell.  Where does the bible state that compassion can not exist in hell?

J. Salza: You are misinterpreting the word "hell."  In Luke 16:23, hell (in Greek, Hades) does not refer to the place of eternal punishment; it refers to the place of the dead who were awaiting Christ's resurrection (the ancients called it Sheol).  For example, in the Apostles' Creed, we say "Christ descended into hell."  He did not really descend into the hell of eternal fire; he descended into Sheol. It is plausible to conclude that the rich man is in hell. But I believe an equally plausible exegesis is that the rich man represents those who are suffering in purgatory (because he shows the grace of concern for his brothers, and those in hell are deprived of God’s grace for all eternity). Again, this is not a principal text on which the doctrine of purgatory is exemplified from a biblical perspective. Instead, we look to texts such as 1 Corinthians 3:15. Also, your argument presupposes that for some question of faith to be true, it has to be in the Bible.  This is a fallacious argument.

Kevin: Hell will be full of people who are good and compassionate, but who did not proclaim the Son of Man, Jesus Christ, as their Savior & Lord!  You are adding to the Word of God things that do not exist there.

J. Salza: This is also not true.  Hell will be full of people who may have been good and compassionate at some point in their lives, but ultimately rejected the true good, God, and chose hell instead.  Those in hell can no longer be good and compassionate because goodness and compassion are the fruits of God's grace, and those in hell are deprived of those graces for all eternity. Thus, hell will be full of the wicked who rejected God’s gift of salvation. They will be hated by God and suffer for all eternity (cf. Psalm 5:6; 11:5).

I hope this helps.  If you have any further questions, please email.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


4. Baptism on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Patron: I'm a practising catholic looking for more insight on purgatory verses. Could you give me a further explanation for the following: 1 Cor. 15:29-30 - Paul mentions people being baptized on behalf of the dead, to atone for their sins. They must be in purgatory. How have you come to the conclusion that it atones for sins and not that it is a mormon like ritual that 'they' (early pagans) practiced and 'we' (christians) should avoid.

J. Salza: Hello. Paul is explaining our hope in the resurrection by pointing out a practice of the time of baptizing people on behalf of the dead.  He is explaining that this practice evidences a hope of the resurrection, because the dead in Christ are not really dead, but are alive and will rise with Him.  I use this verse to support the doctrine of purgatory because the Church has always taught that our prayers and sacrifices, when offered to the Father through Christ, participate in Christ's own mediation before God.  These prayers and sacrifices can be applied to the deceased to atone for the temporal punishments due to their sins. 

Asking God to apply graces received in prayer, in Holy Communion, and, in this case, baptism on behalf of the dead, show a belief in purgatory (a state after death that cannot either be heaven or hell).  This state cannot be heaven because those in heaven have no need of our prayers since they have already been purified.  This state cannot be hell because those in hell also cannot use our prayers for purification because they have already been eternally damned. Hence, this is another state after death which the Church calls purgatory.

Note also that 1 Cor. 15:29 closely parallels 2 Maccabees 12:43-45 which states that prayers are offered for the dead to forgive them of their sins. This is one of the reasons why Martin Luther removed Maccabees from the Old Testament canon in the 16th century – because it supports the Church’s teaching on purgatory.

Top

 


Copyright 2001 - 2007 © by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.
johnsalza@scripturecatholic.com