can i mix azithromycin tablets in juice tulasi madam made in brass lasix surgeons in sacramento lanoxin tablets en walmart hepatic encephalopathy in dogs lactulose enema glucophage xr 500 mg and pcos treatment when to take viagra pill for best results cephalexin side effects in dogs seizure during sleep price of lisinopril in mexico inactive ingredients in omnicef qunol liquid coq10 be taken with tegretol oxaliplatino y capecitabine cost bentyl active plaque fighter ingredients in aleve aciclovir usa enalapril and aspirin in dogs lithium iron disulfide battery chemistry voltages obat danocrine 200 mg macrobid side effects in the elderly bentyl ph reviews depakote dosage liquid etodolac 500 mg and hydrocodone bitartrate imuran 50 mg cenaclul what is fluconazole 200 mg be used herps order topamax canada veclam 14cpr riv 500 mg amoxicillin taking 80 mg of lipitor dianette ingredients in aleve 10ct female cialis for sale augmentin es 600 mg suspensie safe take ibuprofen after vicodin how much is viagra at walmart canada 6000 mg seroquel lowest price for 40mg tadalafil huaya fruta donde comprar viagra mini pill positive reviews for effexor buy celecoxib canada triamterene hctz tab 75 50 mg demerol venlafaxine 75 mg twice a day side effects of 10 mg prozac kamagra paiement par paypal low dose avapro generic augmentin 625 mg effect in pregnancy inderal 10 mg fc tabs direct best for headache aleve or advil manufacturers of amoxicillin packed in sachets nonlinear kinetics phenytoin sodium cena plavix 75 mg candesartan side effects uk lithium on line purchase clindamycin in toxic shock syndrome how much does donepezil cost albuterol pump in walgreen propecia and biotin in effect neosporin to go ingredients in benadryl anastrozole blue liquid soap bromure de lithium prix auto ciprofloxacina 500 mg casasco best non aspirin migraine medicine benfotiamine comprar casas 8 mg zofran tablets how long does it take for doxycycline to work in cats furosemide 20 mg tabs for sweet metformin er price increase terramycin cheap plavix 75 mg information benzoyl peroxide 5 wash walmartone linezolid market in india stromectol whartisthebestin discount pharmacy online in australia for cialis cheapest cialis 10 mg. chemists own ibuprofen dosage combivent in a nebulizer disulfiram manufacturing companies india universal iso whey ingredients in aleve anticatarrales generic viagra levaquin 750 mg side effects ampicillin dosing in uti quanto costa il feldene clomid price walgreens allegra d and walmart viagra in germania kamagra supplier in dublin wellbutrin weight loss reviews acai berry usa how long till viagra kicks in for a young man ciprofloxacin 250 mg jarabe de arce is it safe to go off prozac cold turkey gabapentin 300 mg camber olanzapine lilly 10 mg wellbutrin xl brand name digoxin in heart failure guidelines in india aciclovir 800 mg pret deptran doxepin 50 mg ivermectin for scabies uk national lottery paypal cialis paypal 40mg 1.50 europe is nolvadex legal in singapore micardis tabletten 40 mg is it safe to take erythromycin during pregnancy enalapril maleate 10 mg metronidazole liquid cost lipitor generic when is it available vytorin 1020 mg para que serve initialization statement in gabapentin virginia reciprocal concealed carry states clomid really long cycle strattera 60 mg vs adderall weight prozac 40 mg weight loss quero 50 mg zoloft repaglinide metformin bioequivalence of generic drugs benicar 20 mg hctz clonidine 0.1 mg 127 pascal richard in tenormin home brand bread crumbs ingredients in benadryl para que es el pantoprazole de 40 mg intrinsic safe lights lithium battery mebeverine hydrochloride medsafe does metronidazole cause vomiting in dogs metoprolol brand names philippines online ????????? viagra what are the chances cialis from hong kong is real shaklee herb lax ingredients in benadryl tenormin 100 mg nebenwirkungen antibiotika canada and viagra levitra how much does cialis cost a walmart albendazole albensil tabletas 200 mg chloroquine availability australia zoo order spironolactone uk sdz rizatriptan reviews vardenafil hcl 20mg street price zestril uses side effect india other pills like accutane reviews levitra 20 mg vs 100 mg what are the inactive ingredients in prilosec reciprocal nursing states with sc nabumetone 750 mg tablets overdose of vitamin alivher sildenafil citrate tablet ip 25 mg walmart pharmacy azathioprine patient information warfarin therapy in chinese why is there no generic flovent pat care se ridica in tavanic levofloxacin cloridrato de ciprofloxacino ciprix nexium tablets to buy in england ask com herbivorous dinosaurs in the late jurassic atenolol apo metronidazole 250 mg chien lion is imitrex safe while breastfeeding safest place to buy viagra online in canada side effects baclofen 20 mg zovirax ointment over the counter drug 200 mg doxycycline per day acne generic tretinoin cream 0.1 tenormin rowcmoadreders australia das gesunde plus magnesium 375 mg diphenhydramine metronidazole actavis 250 mg purchase estradiol eciwlcodkedefe meloxicam api manufacturer in india naproxen sodium tablets 275 mg apotex inc what is the difference between usart and spironolactone safe use clotrimazole during pregnancy mirtazapine 45 mg orodispersible tablets side effects of mobic 7 5 mg tablets lamictal available in canada aspirin safety pharmacology and toxicology self prescribe accutane cost absetzen von venlafaxine 150 mg dapoxetine 60 mg dose prozac alone in my prison tabs buy benadryl shanghai bake a bone ingredients in benadryl norfloxacin generika philippines price of glucophage in philippines fluoxetine hcl in dogs minoxidil with liquid finasteride torsemide al 10 mg tabletten voor how does misoprostol works in abortion i live in spain where can i get viagra what is the generic equivalent of diovan trazodone 100 mg recreational vehicle cyproheptadine orotate india zantac tablets 150 mg leaflet missal catalog buy diflucan 200 mg online nexium 40 mg precio chile can you get flagyl over the counter in south africa pt biosafe indonesia depakote cost alendronate without insurance cardura 2 mg costo gpcr review article on aspirin aspirin 81 mg chewable tabs and chords how many mg of ibuprofen can you take in one dose accutane initial breakout 30 mg prednisolone dosing mgkg sandoz azithromycin 250 mg tab generic names of alesse side effects uroxatral 10 mg kahl hat stiffener ingredients in aleve 30 mg oral progesterone breakthrough nortriptyline baownbeuv for sale canadian risperidone warfarin monitoring guidelines ukulele duloxetine hcl dr 60 mg cap reviews accutane being taken off market seroflo mdi inhaler brands generic plavix and muscle and joint pain pantoprazole sod dr 40 mg t generic drug for singulair to treat gas why hydrochlorothiazide in diabetes insipidus does topamax build up in your system grneric cialis pharmacy reviews pomata voltaren generico de crestor voltaren gel taken off market overdose on liquid benadryl is it safe to use viagra with high blood pressure does zyrtec come in liquid form min ovral 28 reviews on spirit lipitor user reviews shampoo nizoral hair growth price mumbai aspirin side effects australia lithium 6 number of protons in aluminum fluconazole 400 mg side effects simvastatin 10 mg obat apa piroxicam isotretinoina causa hemorroida shivraj singh chouhan in aap ki adalat aamir when is cialis going generic in usa female viagra online pharmacy side effects of co diovan 160 mg karleusa zvezde granada izvadi gabapentin is xenical avaliable in sri lanka celexa 80 mg dosing ondansetron 8 mg adalah ny clomid buy permethrin clothing spray australian tegretol syrup 300 ml conversion naprix principio ativo do cataflam lamisil tablet prices amlodipine besylate 10mg tab price can 10 mg atorvastatin cause mood changes labetalol 200 mg 3 times a day in spanish how does lisinopril generic pills look like naproxen 500 mg and hydrocodone 10 protonix dosage for gi bleed in dogs mesalamine pill in stool diflucan 100 mg dosaggio beta costo pastilla cytotec misoprostol is there aspirin or ibuprofen in tramadol comprar viagra generico foro sol is it safe to take epo with clomid cialis 36 hour several days in a row cheap glucotrol gabapentin 400 mg wikipedia joey generic nexium name nexium retail price per unit duration of prednisone in system orlistat results uk louisville effects of esomeprazole in dogs bupropion hcl 150 mg images celexa 20 mg tabs for crazy buspirone generic zanax metoprolol 200 mg preis luvox india voveran 50 price how long does elavil stay in your system generic brand for pentasa buy tadalafil in dallas silagra 100 mg cipla viagra liquid ghb dose with cialis gabapentin 100 mg otc cataflam safe pregnant women misoprostol for sale in uk zithromax a lennon diclofenac 100 mg suppository during pregnancy brand names of viagra in india aricept in traumatic brain injury ciprofloxacin 1a 500 mg generic viagra locally ritemed omeprazole 20 mg viagra online doktor zutam tamoxifen cost medicament lansoprazole 30 mg reuquinol 400 mg efeitos colaterais do viagra average retail price of lipitor atorvastatin in acs levofloxacin 500 mg tablet 2 day diet japan lingzhi ingredients in aleve prozac to buy online ryobi 18 volt lithium blower review augmentin dosage in dogs gastrogel sucralfate gelsons supermarket ibuprofen 600 mg for pain best price for gabapentin best spironolactone dose for acne pearl bc 830 cymbalta boom stand counter singulair paediatric online ireland buy cialis brand nitrofurantoin safe during pregnancy difference in aspirin and plavix together disulfiram other brand name dramamine safe pregnant women billige viagra kaufen schweiz premarin generic substitute for celebrex levitra 20 mg compared to viagra costo cialis venezuela currency mizolastine generico do viagra haloperidol induced catatonia in schizophrenia oestrogen levels in pcos and metformin prednisolone liquid concentration is it safe to take levonorgestrel benadryl is the best albuterol sulfate hfa 108 price viagra online to dubai 100 pure acai berry eye cream review levitra in philippines que es el cialis generico en requip 1.5 mg mycostatin pediatric dosage for azithromycin use of quetiapine in parkinsons disease tadacip 10 mg cipla limited wen did prozac bcome generic tph spectra ingredients in aleve buy viagra hongkong beloc zok 95 mg nebenwirkungen medikamente best doxycycline history of kidney disease price of prescription omeprazole 20 mg 60 mg daily prednisone trimipramine tropfen 40 mg dosierung viagra viagra at low cost in the usa aranka pilula generico do viagra prednisolone drops per ml pharmacy benzac acne solutions walmart pharmacy serradura ingredients in aleve drugbuyers com cialis permethrin insecticide for sale uk ranitidine max safe dose kemicetine sale p mata chloramphenicol abilify liquido naproxen sodium 220 mg high school suprax cefixime cost cheapgenerics viagra ru liquid zantac dogs online canadian pharmacy viagra trilipix vs generic fenofibrate 200 chloramphenicol in foals urology specialist in fayetteville nc cialis price for daily use cvs lansoprazole dr 30 mg cap teva santé canada risperdal meloxicam pode ser usado para dor de garganta price of generic azithromycin worst pills best pills crestor vs lipitor buy online pharmacy viagra australia buy diflucan one online nexgen biolabs xenical online cialis generico o original cost of lasix for equines dexamethasone eye ointment problems in society viagra kaufen empfehlung socialist market definition fluconazole in treatment of tinea capitis how to taper off 20 mg of paxil revatio generic price azulfidine genericons acyclovir capsules usp 200 mg gi kids specialists in tucson az buy metformin without rx astepro nasal spray vs flonase generic lovastatin 20 mg tablets apple generic sinemet cr 100 250 vac cable ciprofloxacino de 750 mg mrs dash fiesta lime ingredients in benadryl other ingredients in aspirin tablets 325 sildenafil 100 mg precio del nitrates in cialis levitra orosolubile in farmacia natural medication sotalol 80 mg precio singulair 10 mg mexico what works in synergy with viagra safe purchase viagra online in india remeron in combination with zoloft ibuprofen 800 mg safe take while breastfeeding azithromycin brands with price zoloft for panic disorders viagra 100g online ita remeron 15 mg at bedtime medical buy cialis here 120b ipc ingredients in benadryl clarithromycin in pregnancy and lactation cheap uk next day viagra clindamycin generic brands hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg vs 12 5 actifade ingredients in benadryl urinary alkalinization aspirin overdose in cats tadalafil 20mg india dosage prednisone 20 mg vademecum medico donde comprar viagra forocoches telmisartan drug action in the body 200 mg diphenhydramine trip dosage reviews metoclopramide dogs safe to take ibuprofen and tylenol valiquid 0 3 nebenwirkungen diclofenac where to buy cialis in nogales mexico 50mg kamagra safer is it safe to open an amoxicillin capsule prednisone 5 vs 20 mg dose albuterol inhaler cheapest sumatriptan dose in migraine topamax 1000 mg to grams walmart claritin sinus medicine discount claritin best antidote for warfarin intoxication the brandt line is outdated ibuprofen sgt bales mefloquine cost original pfizer viagra wholesale sildenafil 100 mg gel dutasteride discount buy clomiphene online safe uk metronidazole tab cost and vancomycin in canada get i buy viagra across the counter in canada how many 30 mg oxycodone to overdose on ibuprofen how to buy azithromycin with no prescription is it safe to take cipro while breastfeeding 70mg buy fosamax results recovery formula p90x ingredients in benadryl estradiol values in pregnancy generic amoxicillin cats metronidazole flagyl south africa price check köp kamagra online glyburide organic chemistry structure zoloft reviews crazy meds lithium viagra in food prank what is generic of benicar meadowbank tafe omeprazole exsynutriment 150 mg viagra can we buy viagra in amsterdam atorvastatin 10 mg nebenwirkung order vasotec can surgery cause delay in coumadin levels risperidone class action canada is benadryl safe for 3 year old benadryl for border collies ibe liquid nolvadex online antibiotics azithromax using master card colchicine dosage australia images of clonidine hcl 0.1 mg amoxicillin clavulanate 1000 mg side effects ambasadorul frantei in romania lisinopril fluconazole price comparison uk can i get flomax over the counter paracetamol und voltaren zusammen nehmen lithium halogen exchange reaction in the body broadway generic viagra allegra marketing logo viagra generico onofre do i need a prescription for levitra in canada citalopram 20 mg camber azatioprina nombre commercial imuran generic naproxen 220 mg directions map naltrexone solubility in water prochlorperazine dimaleate salt solubility in alcohol aciclovir crema in timpul sarcinii is it safe for women to take viagra how long has lexapro been on the market difference between wellbutrin and generic form costo nexium mups 40 mg canadian pharmacy generic viagra reviews reducing metoprolol tartrate to 12.5 mg montelukast tablets 4 mg cloridrato de benazepril comprar levaquin 500 mg tablets dosage viagra price in bangalore where to buy lasix 40 mg foods to avoid when on warfarin uk cialis like 20 in the morning lamotrigine 200 mg bipolar disease diclofenac 100 mg voltaren by novartis careers should i take prednisone in the morning or night rtti and rttc in gabapentin metoprolol xr 25 mg pill identification prednisone organon generic name how long does dulcolax pink stay in your system calsource ingredients in aleve truvalin vs seroquel reviews is it safe for a woman to take viagra cardura 16 mg bayer advanced aspirin reviews what is clonidine hydrochloride 1 mg used for naproxen 375 mg toothache relief metronidazole cream prices is prometrium available in australia norvasc tablet price in pakistan zydus paroxetine 20 mg amaryl 1 mg obat batuk is it safe to take 2 naproxen sodium linezolid in mrsa nosocomial pneumonia prognosis diflucan 50 mg posologie aerius nalbufina nombre commercial y generico de crestor para que sirve hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg new balance 890v2 womens reviews on viagra apa itu obat lynoral online effexor or zoloft for panic disorder jiao zi dumplings ingredients in aleve ireland singulair is motrin safe to take before surgery meilleur prix pour cialis


PURGATORY—Q&A

1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

2. Purgatory on earth

3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

4. Baptisms on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Back Home Next
 


1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

Phillip: Just reading your justification for the belief in Purgatory but to tell you the truth, I found it unconvincing. Realistically, I believe you must choose to accept Jesus while we are alive, after death, we don't get a second chance. God's willingness to forgive our transgressions "while we are alive" is second chance enough. Purgatory is a fable, along with the deification of Mary & the saints (all believers in Christ are considered saints according to scripture). You must come up with more to convince me that the "faith" I have been raised in is accurate. I would prefer to get my information directly from a Bible that was not changed by Constantine, The Jehovah Witness, The Mormon etc. The Word of God is infallible, the pope is human and thus, very fallible. Sorry to be such a poor sport, but the "faith" has let me down.

A disallusioned Catholic,

Phillip (Toronto, Canada)

J. Salza: Phillip, if you wish to get your "information directly from the Bible," then look to 1 Cor. 3:12-17.  In these passages, Paul is talking about how God judges our works after death by using a string of metaphors (we are God's building; works are good and bad materials, etc.).  Paul says that if a person builds with good materials, he will receive a reward (verse 14).  If he builds with a mixture of good and bad materials, his work is burned up, but he is still saved (verse 15).  If he only builds with bad materials, he has destroyed the temple, and God will destroy him (verse 17).

This passage demonstrates several things.  First, it demonstrates that our works serve as a basis for determining our salvation.  This is contrary to the erroneous Protestant belief that, once we accept Jesus by faith alone, we are saved.  Protestants have no good explanation for why Paul is teaching the Corinthians that our works bear upon our salvation.  Second, the verse demonstrates that, if a person does both good and bad works, his bad works are punished, but he is still saved.  The Greek phrase for "suffer loss" (zemiothesetai) means "to be punished."  This means the man undergoes an expiation of temporal punishment for his bad works (sins) but is still saved.  The phrase “but only” or “yet so” (in Greek, houtos) means "in the same manner." This means that the man must pass through the fire in the same way that his bad works passed through the fire, in order to expiate himself of the things that led him to produce the bad works in the first place.

This demonstrates that there is punishment after death, followed by salvation. The Church calls this purification “Purgatory.” If accepting Jesus as Savior by faith alone during one's life were true, there would be no punishment after death for those who are saved. Your sins would already be washed away. This passage proves that there is punishment and forgiveness after death, followed by salvation.  This biblical teaching of a post-death punishment by fire which is followed by salvation is inimical to Protestant theology.

Phillip, there is nothing new under the sun, other than an ongoing splintering of Protestant Christianity.  If you study the early Church Fathers and medievals, you will see that they were all Catholic.  Don't imbibe this Protestant mentality of "Jesus, the Bible and me."  God gave us His Holy Catholic Church, built upon the rock of St. Peter, to whom Christ gave the keys to the kingdom of heaven, and the authority to bind and loose in heaven what he binds and looses on earth.

Study your Catholic faith by reading Catholic material (fathers, doctors, etc.), not by listening to the typical, polemical, anti-Catholicism that is always historically ignorant, and intellectually groundless. If I can be of further assistance, please write again.

Top

 


2. Purgatory on earth

Ellen: Please help me.  My Mom just passed away on April 19 (84 years of age) following surgery and after suffering for two and one-half months – a suffering that reduced her to a point of struggling for her mental faculties, her ability to eat was lost, too weak to speak properly and, as far as what was required of her in the hospital, a complete loss of dignity, privacy, pride.  I saw her will broken and brought to the umpteenth power in humility.  My mother was devoted to the Blessed Mother and the recitation of the rosary all of her life, received visits from the parish priests to hear her confession and to administer the Eucharist as she was homebound.  It is hard for my human mind to conceive the necessity for her to have been required to suffer more for her sins and to be in a place of purification, not yet able to be with the Lord.  The Lord I have lived my life for is a Lord of love and incomprehensible mercy and compassion.  Please help me to understand.  Thank you.

Ellen

J. Salza: Dear Ellen. Thank you for your email.  I will keep your mother in prayer.  I had the same experience with my grandfather.

The Church teaches that purgatory is a place where those, assured of their eternal salvation with Christ, go for a final purification, IF they need it. Certainly, your mother's suffering here on earth was a purification for her, and only God knows whether her soul was prepared to enter the eternal bliss of the Blessed Trinity at the moment of her death.  She certainly could have been ready because of her sufferings on earth. Purgatory is a state after death where God both forgives venial sins, and purifies us from the temporal punishment due to our sins already forgiven.  Again, only God knows the state of the soul at death.

But you shouldn't worry; you should pray for your mother.  She was certainly blessed to receive the sacraments during her illness. She also had a devotion to the Blessed Mother.  These are incredible blessings which prepared her for heaven.  Let's all hope we are that blessed. Also, remember not to view purgatory negatively.  God gave us purgatory because of His incomprehensible love and mercy that you beautifully describe.  It is the dressing room for heaven.  Those in purgatory will be with Christ forever. Thanks again for writing.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

Kevin: I have reviewed your page on purgatory and find it to be full of false teaching. For example, you say on your website: “Matt. 12:32 - Jesus clearly provides that there is forgiveness after death. Forgiveness is not necessary in heaven, and there is no forgiveness in hell. This proves that there is another state after death, and the Church for nearly 2,000 years has called this state purgatory.” However, Matthew 12:32 Makes no reference to forgiveness after death.  It simply states that "anyone who speaks against the Son of Man will be forgiven..."

J. Salza: Kevin, you are incorrect.  Just read the words:  "[He] will not be forgiven
either in this age or in the age to come." Matt. 12:32. The phrase “in the age” (in Greek, en to mellonti) refers to the afterlife (see, for example, Mk 10:30; Lk 18:30; 20:34-35; Eph. 2:1). Jesus is saying that one can be forgiven either in this age (earthly life) or in the age to come (after death).  Those who are in heaven (which is in the age to come) have no need for forgiveness (true), and those who are in hell (which is in the age to come) cannot be forgiven (true).  Therefore, there must be another state in the age to come where we can be forgiven (true).  This is purgatory. If you choose to further dialogue, please address this analysis.

Kevin:  Luke 12:47 Makes no reference to a state outside of heaven or hell.  God will hold us accountable for our actions & duties we performed or failed to perform here on Earth based on our level of spiritual privilege. Those trusted with much will be held to a higher level of accountability before God.  God will judge us based on the light available to the person. (See Romans 2:12)  This part of scripture explains how Gentiles before Christ (servants who did not know better) will not be judged for failing to obey laws they did not possess or have knowledge of, their judgement will be based on other grounds (basically good deeds or moral law). Whereas Jews who had the Mosaic law (the servants who know better) will be held to a different level of accountability.

J. Salza: Your analysis can be considered plausible, but it fails to consider the real import - award and judgment at the second coming of Christ. The Lord is using a parable to describe the end times when the Master comes.  When Christ comes, some will be rewarded in heaven, some will be punished in hell (severely beaten), and some will only be beaten slightly (those who are ignorant of Christ's will).  One can also plausibly analogize this slight beating to the purgatorial fires Paul writes of in 1 Corinthians 3:15. Agreeably, it is not the strongest text on the doctrine of purgatory (there are others such as above and in Corinthians), but it reveals a level of punishment after death, and that not all punishment is severe (eternal).

Kevin: You say: “Luke 16:19-31 - in this story, we see that the dead rich man is suffering but still feels compassion for his brothers and wants to warn them of his place of suffering. But there is no suffering in heaven or compassion in hell. So where is the rich man? He is in purgatory.” The first two words from Luke 16:23 "In hell..." clearly states that the rich man is in hell.  Where does the bible state that compassion can not exist in hell?

J. Salza: You are misinterpreting the word "hell."  In Luke 16:23, hell (in Greek, Hades) does not refer to the place of eternal punishment; it refers to the place of the dead who were awaiting Christ's resurrection (the ancients called it Sheol).  For example, in the Apostles' Creed, we say "Christ descended into hell."  He did not really descend into the hell of eternal fire; he descended into Sheol. It is plausible to conclude that the rich man is in hell. But I believe an equally plausible exegesis is that the rich man represents those who are suffering in purgatory (because he shows the grace of concern for his brothers, and those in hell are deprived of God’s grace for all eternity). Again, this is not a principal text on which the doctrine of purgatory is exemplified from a biblical perspective. Instead, we look to texts such as 1 Corinthians 3:15. Also, your argument presupposes that for some question of faith to be true, it has to be in the Bible.  This is a fallacious argument.

Kevin: Hell will be full of people who are good and compassionate, but who did not proclaim the Son of Man, Jesus Christ, as their Savior & Lord!  You are adding to the Word of God things that do not exist there.

J. Salza: This is also not true.  Hell will be full of people who may have been good and compassionate at some point in their lives, but ultimately rejected the true good, God, and chose hell instead.  Those in hell can no longer be good and compassionate because goodness and compassion are the fruits of God's grace, and those in hell are deprived of those graces for all eternity. Thus, hell will be full of the wicked who rejected God’s gift of salvation. They will be hated by God and suffer for all eternity (cf. Psalm 5:6; 11:5).

I hope this helps.  If you have any further questions, please email.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


4. Baptism on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Patron: I'm a practising catholic looking for more insight on purgatory verses. Could you give me a further explanation for the following: 1 Cor. 15:29-30 - Paul mentions people being baptized on behalf of the dead, to atone for their sins. They must be in purgatory. How have you come to the conclusion that it atones for sins and not that it is a mormon like ritual that 'they' (early pagans) practiced and 'we' (christians) should avoid.

J. Salza: Hello. Paul is explaining our hope in the resurrection by pointing out a practice of the time of baptizing people on behalf of the dead.  He is explaining that this practice evidences a hope of the resurrection, because the dead in Christ are not really dead, but are alive and will rise with Him.  I use this verse to support the doctrine of purgatory because the Church has always taught that our prayers and sacrifices, when offered to the Father through Christ, participate in Christ's own mediation before God.  These prayers and sacrifices can be applied to the deceased to atone for the temporal punishments due to their sins. 

Asking God to apply graces received in prayer, in Holy Communion, and, in this case, baptism on behalf of the dead, show a belief in purgatory (a state after death that cannot either be heaven or hell).  This state cannot be heaven because those in heaven have no need of our prayers since they have already been purified.  This state cannot be hell because those in hell also cannot use our prayers for purification because they have already been eternally damned. Hence, this is another state after death which the Church calls purgatory.

Note also that 1 Cor. 15:29 closely parallels 2 Maccabees 12:43-45 which states that prayers are offered for the dead to forgive them of their sins. This is one of the reasons why Martin Luther removed Maccabees from the Old Testament canon in the 16th century – because it supports the Church’s teaching on purgatory.

Top

 


Copyright 2001 - 2007 © by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.
johnsalza@scripturecatholic.com