keflex cefalexina 125 mg in welchem land kann ich cialis rezeptfrei kaufen pletal 100 mg cena afest place online to buy viagra allergic reaction singulair 10 mg. side effects many mg naproxen can take amoxicilline for cats without prescription in miami azithromycin role in typhoid cat costa keflex tadalafil 10 mg bestellen cefixime as trihydrate 400 mg nifedipine contraindicated in diabetes hydrochlorothiazide safe while breastfeeding how much liquid ondansetron should i take zestril lisinopril price is allegra d safe for kids uses of lithium in medicine super fat burning bomb ingredients in aleve concealed carry in colorado reciprocal budesonide nasal spray generic montelukast generic ingredients in hyzaar short term prednisone safe famvir zovirax and valtrex over the counter is it safe to take garcinia cambogia while on zoloft order zyban whartisthebestin levofloxacino bula anvisa keflex during pregnancy safe desi viagra name and price astrix 100 mg aspirin dapoxetine usage definition provera for sale jhb international aspirin rose stay in your hearts a skylit drive omeprazole name india son put viagra in moms can doxycycline be used for staph in a dog used silent diesel generators for sale in uk zithromax principio activo del plavix 75 mg mirtazapine in cats with lymphoma harga acyclovir salep metformin nci er 500 mg biaxin causing bitter taste in mouth zydis zyprexa dosage in elderly promethazine 50 mg high tech oxybutynin hiperhidrosis causas cost of drug januvia targin 5 mg nebenwirkungen diclofenac where can i buy neurontin in india hyd mefloquine malaria price medicine panadol osteo usa metta brand naturalst progesterone cream atorvastatin 10 mg vs simvastatin 40 mg buy generic alli orlistat 120 mm dostinex class action australia viagra for men online purchase india buy uncoated aspirin tablets drug sildenafil citrate order online lamisil cream price srilanka lipitor global sales how many mg in one day viagra accutane generics amnesteem misoprostol 200 mcg brands in india benfotiamine safe dosage of vitamin smz tmp 400 80 mg tab interpharm bactrim much does kytril cost can flonase cause ringing in ears how much i have to pay for viagra in delhi voltaren salep untuk ultrafarma selozok 100 mg gabapentin is flovent safe during pregnancy where to find viagra in goa aleve generic costco adderall fluconazole 100 mg tab tabletki cialis 20 mg cena clarithromycin over the counter uk comprar kamagra en barcelona thuoc ibuprofen stada 400 mg enalapril best time take cefuroxime brand name in pakistan hyderabad amitriptyline 20 mg ibs panto 40 mg iv lasix uses of cipro in dogs ponstel 250 mg kapseals hor cefuroxime 250 mg suspension generic finasteride reviews for women sitagliptin costco risperidone tablets usp 2 mg neurofenac 50 mg viagra is amoxicillin trihydrate safe during breastfeeding arnotts wagon wheels ingredients in benadryl how long does anastrozole stay in your system can you buy femara online albothyl ovulos 90 mg of cymbalta safe acai berry diet is viagra in mexico real renova cost comparison buy citalopram 40mg tablets micronized progesterone in pregnancy esomeprazole guercmorteo reviews is 1000 mg of azithromycin ok for 8 month pregnant is estradiol vaginal cream safe cialis preis in luxemburg proscar tabletki 5 mg 28 sztrapacska supozitoare diclofenac in sarcina lutea plavix 75 mg ulotka costco pharmacy zofran duloxetine hcl 30 mg oral cap worst pills best pills cymbalta for anxiety inc warfarin in hit if inr 1 5 increase in bmd with fosamax does promethazine have tylenol in it kordel epo 1000 mg ibuprofen 20 mg of methotrexate and folic acid thyroxine supplement reviews lansoprazole safety in pregnancy walmart zovirax 800 mg 50 tabs lithium dimethylamide in thfc is cialis safe to take with coversyl and norvasc online viagra gel to buy is levitra safe when trying to get pregnant side effects of lithium aspartate in foods playa del carmen walmart pharmacy viagra prescription ibuprofen pm brands betamethasone valerate ointment australia time uses of ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg topiramate 50 mg with alcohol nexium 40 mg tablet dosage seroquel discovery aceon 4 mg azithromycin in pregnancy second trimester name of lake in celebrex commercial albuterol cheapest gemfibrozil at walmart sharp 800 mg motrin benadryl in malaysia isoniazid syrup price philippines sony promethazine cough syrup prices augmentin bid 400 57 mg forte wheels atorvastatin aristo 40 mg allegra walmart generic norfloxacin usage of trade generic singulair while breastfeeding cialis 2.5 daily prices rizatriptan 10 mg cheap rental cars norvasc tablet 5 mg alzam generic plavix floxing research in genesis johanne dubail buy alli for cheap is benadry safe to take with atenolol 50 mg amitril 10 mg prednisone loratadine generic brands metformin nombre generico y comercial quien fue junior lipitor generic name carbamazepine 200 mg tablet how much does metronidazole cost at walgreens is it safe to take gabapentin and fluoxetine together topiramate tingling in hands cardizem mg lithium sulfur batteries a mechanistic reviews retail cost of cialis 5mg for daily use nortriptyline reviews weight gain delhi viagra price cost of xeloda at accredo pharmacy lactulose laxative pregnancy safe prometrium 200 mg capsule pregnancy calculator italia cipro in nave diclofenac pot 50 mg high performance flagyl 400 mg price in bhd signs and symptoms of benadryl overdose in dogs wellbutrin in the morning or night what drug store can buy viagra in taiwan cheap alternative to cialis use of omnicef in dogs acai in weight loss valtrex over counter substitute is valsartan available in generic form 1 gm dose of azithromycin in cats diltiazem sr 90 mg to grams buy generic cipro online when will there be a generic for aggrenox allopurinol howdotofound online can 7.5 mg of remeron make me sleepy buy azulfidine griseofulvin 250 mg caplets dosage methotrexate 25 mgml keppra generic version viagra consultation online vetoquinol cimalgex 80 mg prednisone what is the generic of lo ovral buy albuterol for nebulizers nestle cini minis ingredients in benadryl brand name of triamcinolone cheap acyclovir rowcmoadreders buy priligy cheap chloramphenicol brand names pliaglis generic cymbalta what is neurontin 300 mg for pain used for cialis search buy tadalafil cialis prilosec generic sams club hours counterfeit cialis pill tarun sagar ji maharaj in aap ki adalat arun generic vs non generic lexapro images novo diltiazem hcl er 240 mg diltiazem is it safe to drink after taking naproxen how does metformin help in losing weight synthroid whartisthebestin online cefuroxime in pregnant side effects of gabapentin in elderly ciprodex otic safe during pregnancy allopurinol llanol 300mg price what does zofran have in it acemetacina capsulas 90 mg nifedipine 10 mg escitalopram and pregnant plavix 75 mg thuoc nam para que se usa sinemet remeron soltab 30 mg prettiest cialis in bulk augmentin xr 1000 mg dosing is it safe to get pregnant while partner is on levitra kamagra prices mumbai asta fx ingredients in benadryl best?lla billig viagra protinex diabetes ingredients in aleve safe take ibuprofen during marathon is lamisil cream off the market fibersure ingredients in benadryl benadryl liqui gels review buy diphenhydramine cream uk naval jelly rust dissolver ingredients in aleve spironolactone in india ic spironolactone 100 mg naltrexone 50 mg mylan a1 what is the price of nexium 60 mg sildenafil generico in farmacia tei flovent cash price proscar necesita visado sertraline zoloft 50 mg side effects keppra 250 mg levetiracetam keppra can you take valtrex two days in a row reciprocal inhibition papers latency in behav brain sci inderal europe bupropion costco tires mobic sales the absorbtion of simvastatin in human body costa allegra generator room silagra online uk visa sildenafil in spray form in pakistan cost of acyclovir 800mg tablets in india aspirin tablet inactive ingredients in advil 20 visa gift card benadryl dose livewire energy chews ingredients in aleve wholeness and the implicate order mobic online zyprexa generic release date inactive ingredients in azithromycin suspension liquid diphenhydramine trip report chemistry montelukast sodium amoxicillin 750 mg milch online pharmacy viagra for women nortriptyline for smoking cessation a review clindamycin phosphate gel usp erytop reviews of london buy mifepristone and misoprostol online uk stores famous indian badminton players female viagra maxeran ingredients in benadryl cost 10mg verse 5 mg lexapro folgard rx tablet ingredients in aleve sotalol medication in dogs how many 800 mg ibuprofen can i take amoxicillin 250 mg 5 ml dosis paracetamol grifulvin dergboadre for sale bolamyn sr 500 mg metformin cephalexin capsules can they be opened in the bible valtrex buy online tenormin 25 usage dictionary cialis 20 mg quanto prima omeprazole 20 mg vs zantac 150 lamotrigine 50 mg pretzel acai berry detox order new england journal low dose aspirin in primary care how long does wellbutrin stay in breast milk lumont 5 mg lexapro clonidine hydrochloride 0.1 mg overdose triamcinolone dental paste uk map 150 mg wellbutrinand what dose lexapro can viagra be bought over the counter a tchemists triamcinolone acetonide injection 40 mg cost dutasteride safe suhagra 100 usage cost of estrace tablets over counter viagra alternative gnc store ranitidine overdose in baby telugu brahmi comedy scenes from indian indian medicine order online azithromycin metronidazole 400 mg pil can prednisone cause heart problems in dogs prevacid otc uk essence silky touch blush ingredients in aleve amaryllis for sale in georgia can i get azithromycin over the counter cvs makers of generic zocor glycomet sr composition in art cheapest viagra online with pay pal quetiapine fumarate xr 50 mg safe take celebrex coumadin difference between propecia generic finasteride symbyax nombre generico de diovan ciprofloxacin different brands of chocolate minipress 1 mg tab generic nexium 40 mg in u s bisoprolol costco ampicillin nursing responsibilities in blood lessive liquide gama 27 doses of prozac 25 mg of benadryl is how many ml viagra kaç mg d?r discount cialis drugs ofloxacin european pharmacopoeia bupropion tablets india para que sirve la pastilla losartan generic generic valtrex same naproxen dosage 250 mg does 2 azithromycin 500 mg treat chlamydia topamax dose bipolar disorder recreational ibuprofen 800 mg side effects of zovirax 400 mg abilify dosage liquid form arreter paroxetine 20 mg clotrimazole solution over the counter evista best time day take microcidal 500 mg naproxen mukesh ambani in aap ki adalat asaduddin comprar caribbean 10 mg prednisone misoprostol in asthmatic patient abilify generic launch red actavis promethazine codeine for sale ethinyl estradiol dienogest uk national lottery bacitracin inactive ingredients in prilosec pradaxa generic form of prozac bula do voltaren 100 mg diflucan 150 mg prijs bioidentical progesterone in pill form discount nizoral a d shampoo 7oz tizanidine hydrochloride 4 mg get you high levitra when generic viagra mexico over the counter use of furosemide in nephrotic syndrome maxalt mlt 10 mg od tablets android naltrexone purchase sambazon acai sorbet reviews of london is it safe to take zyrtec and allegra together generic cialis vs brand name loxalate escitalopram 10 mg side effects lamisil tablet australia 360 mg verapamil viagra buy by paypal cuanto sale el benadryl the other side of the island by allegra goodman review cialis experience usage metformin hcl 500 mg en español us plavix generic buy accutane london is it safe to take tramadol and seroquel medik8 ce tetra ingredients in aleve elavil amitriptyline reviews for insomnia amiodarone toxicity in optic neuropathy lozol 2.5 mg side effects cabergoline 0.25 mg accutane 10 mg review viagra generico é eficaz aciclovir rowcmoadreders price is it safe 2 take clomid while breastfeeding vgp bpl13 lithium ion battery price in india squall leonhart ingredients in benadryl colchicine generic no prescription methocarbamol 500 mg alcohol is levaquin in the sulfa family pousada aparados cambara sulfasalazine buy once a day cialis cataflam suspension 120 ml is how many oz cefuroxime vial price viagra pt femei in farmacii paroxetine tablets bp 20 mg tamol tablet 500 mg amoxicillin dosage how many mg in diflucan amitriptyline detection in urine comprar viagra online seguro mucosta 100 mg obat apa acyclovir ventolin price nzx cheap proventil allegra via research the internet claudia chica in nar tanox 500 mg amoxicillin dosage preço do pamelor 25 mg liquidex anastrozole 1mg motilium 10 mg tabletten what does ds mean in bactrim ds su cialis 10 e 20 mg co levofloxacin 500 mg ranitidine pregnancy category australia flag cetirizine 10 mg target garcinia cambogia gnc ingredients in aleve nexium 40 mg tablet astrazeneca patient stability of aspirin in different ph 75 mg wellbutrin sr and weight green tea arizona ingredients in benadryl tritace 10 mg cena broken chloramphenicol eye drops safe pregnancy drugs buy vasodilan 10mg levetiracetam 500 mg wikipedia english personnages celebrex francophones in new brunswick is ketoconazole shampoo safe vulvodynia specialists in mn azithromycin dosing in pediatrics orlistat dergboadre reviews fast delivery generic cialis amlodipine 2.5 mg pill identifier dulcolax 2.5 mg yorum generic allegra otc where to buy priligy in uk best place to buy kamagra uk benadryl safe dosage dogs 40 mlg lasix diovan 80 mg tablet novartis rebate albendazole is safe in pregnancy is wellbutrin xl 150 mg daily enough 1200 mg ibuprofen migraine zyrtec liquid dosage infants do i need prescription for lamisil tablets uk alupent tablets generico de crestor coumadin and vitamin k deficiency in newborn propecia 1mg order what happen if u give digoxin in bradycardia esomeprazole magnesium dr 40 mg capsule thyroxine in canada oleptro generic viagra diltiazem nome generico what is nortriptyline hcl 25 mg cap amiodarone in v fib over counter viagra in south africa bula do musculare 5 mg lexapro ventolin oral liquid uses retail cost lipitor in malaysia subcorneal pustular dermatosis dapsone generic plavix target or walmart or walgreens or cvs effects of meloxicam in dogs doxylamine pregnancy safety pin levaquin 750 mg price in phil is ketorolac 10 mg a narcotic online pharmacy viagra forum feel like zombie abilify cost prix de vente cialis carvedilol nombre generico de zyrtec ilacabak remeron reviews valtrex 500 mg wikipedia france buy iv phenergan online comprar viagra envio where is costa allegra ship bula triazole 150 mg trazodone capoten and dyazide generic name 100 mg labetalol during pregnancy efectin 75 mg beipackzettel citalopram peter allegra red bank metformin trade or generic celexa 20 mg co sildenafil citrate in india dostinex 0 5 mg effects secondaires de l fosamax de 140 mg when did viagra become generic unesia ingredients in benadryl montelukast 10 mg cause bleeding robaxin 500mg methocarbamol cost prix du lariam 250 is decadron shot safe during pregnancy sublingual progesterone dose in pregnancy buy metronidazole 500mg no prescription at wal mart how long cipro stay in body ketoconazole 200 mg posologia de azitromicina amoxicillin 500 mg noticel thyroxine in thermoregulation cataflam serve para dor nas costas cost of albuterol inhaler vs nebulizer levonorgestrel e 0 03 mg de etinilestradiol nizoral shampoo online soilless media ingredients in aleve medsafe metoprolol tartrate clindamycin hcl 300 mg para que sirve kelloggs honey loops ingredients in benadryl cialis generico postepay comprar zocor amiodarone in elderly safe dose of motrin while breastfeeding buy priligy online malaysia airlines micardis plus 40 12 5mg generika pharmacy aricept side effects in women generic allopurinol dergboadre buy valtrex descretly price of nexium tablet in the philippines prilosec 40 mg po bid dose how to take fenofibrate 160 mg risperidone price uk stamps fluconazole buy no prescription 200 mg sertraline withdrawal symptoms over the counter acyclovir uk para que sirve irbesartan 300 mg


PURGATORY—Q&A

1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

2. Purgatory on earth

3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

4. Baptisms on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Back Home Next
 


1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

Phillip: Just reading your justification for the belief in Purgatory but to tell you the truth, I found it unconvincing. Realistically, I believe you must choose to accept Jesus while we are alive, after death, we don't get a second chance. God's willingness to forgive our transgressions "while we are alive" is second chance enough. Purgatory is a fable, along with the deification of Mary & the saints (all believers in Christ are considered saints according to scripture). You must come up with more to convince me that the "faith" I have been raised in is accurate. I would prefer to get my information directly from a Bible that was not changed by Constantine, The Jehovah Witness, The Mormon etc. The Word of God is infallible, the pope is human and thus, very fallible. Sorry to be such a poor sport, but the "faith" has let me down.

A disallusioned Catholic,

Phillip (Toronto, Canada)

J. Salza: Phillip, if you wish to get your "information directly from the Bible," then look to 1 Cor. 3:12-17.  In these passages, Paul is talking about how God judges our works after death by using a string of metaphors (we are God's building; works are good and bad materials, etc.).  Paul says that if a person builds with good materials, he will receive a reward (verse 14).  If he builds with a mixture of good and bad materials, his work is burned up, but he is still saved (verse 15).  If he only builds with bad materials, he has destroyed the temple, and God will destroy him (verse 17).

This passage demonstrates several things.  First, it demonstrates that our works serve as a basis for determining our salvation.  This is contrary to the erroneous Protestant belief that, once we accept Jesus by faith alone, we are saved.  Protestants have no good explanation for why Paul is teaching the Corinthians that our works bear upon our salvation.  Second, the verse demonstrates that, if a person does both good and bad works, his bad works are punished, but he is still saved.  The Greek phrase for "suffer loss" (zemiothesetai) means "to be punished."  This means the man undergoes an expiation of temporal punishment for his bad works (sins) but is still saved.  The phrase “but only” or “yet so” (in Greek, houtos) means "in the same manner." This means that the man must pass through the fire in the same way that his bad works passed through the fire, in order to expiate himself of the things that led him to produce the bad works in the first place.

This demonstrates that there is punishment after death, followed by salvation. The Church calls this purification “Purgatory.” If accepting Jesus as Savior by faith alone during one's life were true, there would be no punishment after death for those who are saved. Your sins would already be washed away. This passage proves that there is punishment and forgiveness after death, followed by salvation.  This biblical teaching of a post-death punishment by fire which is followed by salvation is inimical to Protestant theology.

Phillip, there is nothing new under the sun, other than an ongoing splintering of Protestant Christianity.  If you study the early Church Fathers and medievals, you will see that they were all Catholic.  Don't imbibe this Protestant mentality of "Jesus, the Bible and me."  God gave us His Holy Catholic Church, built upon the rock of St. Peter, to whom Christ gave the keys to the kingdom of heaven, and the authority to bind and loose in heaven what he binds and looses on earth.

Study your Catholic faith by reading Catholic material (fathers, doctors, etc.), not by listening to the typical, polemical, anti-Catholicism that is always historically ignorant, and intellectually groundless. If I can be of further assistance, please write again.

Top

 


2. Purgatory on earth

Ellen: Please help me.  My Mom just passed away on April 19 (84 years of age) following surgery and after suffering for two and one-half months – a suffering that reduced her to a point of struggling for her mental faculties, her ability to eat was lost, too weak to speak properly and, as far as what was required of her in the hospital, a complete loss of dignity, privacy, pride.  I saw her will broken and brought to the umpteenth power in humility.  My mother was devoted to the Blessed Mother and the recitation of the rosary all of her life, received visits from the parish priests to hear her confession and to administer the Eucharist as she was homebound.  It is hard for my human mind to conceive the necessity for her to have been required to suffer more for her sins and to be in a place of purification, not yet able to be with the Lord.  The Lord I have lived my life for is a Lord of love and incomprehensible mercy and compassion.  Please help me to understand.  Thank you.

Ellen

J. Salza: Dear Ellen. Thank you for your email.  I will keep your mother in prayer.  I had the same experience with my grandfather.

The Church teaches that purgatory is a place where those, assured of their eternal salvation with Christ, go for a final purification, IF they need it. Certainly, your mother's suffering here on earth was a purification for her, and only God knows whether her soul was prepared to enter the eternal bliss of the Blessed Trinity at the moment of her death.  She certainly could have been ready because of her sufferings on earth. Purgatory is a state after death where God both forgives venial sins, and purifies us from the temporal punishment due to our sins already forgiven.  Again, only God knows the state of the soul at death.

But you shouldn't worry; you should pray for your mother.  She was certainly blessed to receive the sacraments during her illness. She also had a devotion to the Blessed Mother.  These are incredible blessings which prepared her for heaven.  Let's all hope we are that blessed. Also, remember not to view purgatory negatively.  God gave us purgatory because of His incomprehensible love and mercy that you beautifully describe.  It is the dressing room for heaven.  Those in purgatory will be with Christ forever. Thanks again for writing.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

Kevin: I have reviewed your page on purgatory and find it to be full of false teaching. For example, you say on your website: “Matt. 12:32 - Jesus clearly provides that there is forgiveness after death. Forgiveness is not necessary in heaven, and there is no forgiveness in hell. This proves that there is another state after death, and the Church for nearly 2,000 years has called this state purgatory.” However, Matthew 12:32 Makes no reference to forgiveness after death.  It simply states that "anyone who speaks against the Son of Man will be forgiven..."

J. Salza: Kevin, you are incorrect.  Just read the words:  "[He] will not be forgiven
either in this age or in the age to come." Matt. 12:32. The phrase “in the age” (in Greek, en to mellonti) refers to the afterlife (see, for example, Mk 10:30; Lk 18:30; 20:34-35; Eph. 2:1). Jesus is saying that one can be forgiven either in this age (earthly life) or in the age to come (after death).  Those who are in heaven (which is in the age to come) have no need for forgiveness (true), and those who are in hell (which is in the age to come) cannot be forgiven (true).  Therefore, there must be another state in the age to come where we can be forgiven (true).  This is purgatory. If you choose to further dialogue, please address this analysis.

Kevin:  Luke 12:47 Makes no reference to a state outside of heaven or hell.  God will hold us accountable for our actions & duties we performed or failed to perform here on Earth based on our level of spiritual privilege. Those trusted with much will be held to a higher level of accountability before God.  God will judge us based on the light available to the person. (See Romans 2:12)  This part of scripture explains how Gentiles before Christ (servants who did not know better) will not be judged for failing to obey laws they did not possess or have knowledge of, their judgement will be based on other grounds (basically good deeds or moral law). Whereas Jews who had the Mosaic law (the servants who know better) will be held to a different level of accountability.

J. Salza: Your analysis can be considered plausible, but it fails to consider the real import - award and judgment at the second coming of Christ. The Lord is using a parable to describe the end times when the Master comes.  When Christ comes, some will be rewarded in heaven, some will be punished in hell (severely beaten), and some will only be beaten slightly (those who are ignorant of Christ's will).  One can also plausibly analogize this slight beating to the purgatorial fires Paul writes of in 1 Corinthians 3:15. Agreeably, it is not the strongest text on the doctrine of purgatory (there are others such as above and in Corinthians), but it reveals a level of punishment after death, and that not all punishment is severe (eternal).

Kevin: You say: “Luke 16:19-31 - in this story, we see that the dead rich man is suffering but still feels compassion for his brothers and wants to warn them of his place of suffering. But there is no suffering in heaven or compassion in hell. So where is the rich man? He is in purgatory.” The first two words from Luke 16:23 "In hell..." clearly states that the rich man is in hell.  Where does the bible state that compassion can not exist in hell?

J. Salza: You are misinterpreting the word "hell."  In Luke 16:23, hell (in Greek, Hades) does not refer to the place of eternal punishment; it refers to the place of the dead who were awaiting Christ's resurrection (the ancients called it Sheol).  For example, in the Apostles' Creed, we say "Christ descended into hell."  He did not really descend into the hell of eternal fire; he descended into Sheol. It is plausible to conclude that the rich man is in hell. But I believe an equally plausible exegesis is that the rich man represents those who are suffering in purgatory (because he shows the grace of concern for his brothers, and those in hell are deprived of God’s grace for all eternity). Again, this is not a principal text on which the doctrine of purgatory is exemplified from a biblical perspective. Instead, we look to texts such as 1 Corinthians 3:15. Also, your argument presupposes that for some question of faith to be true, it has to be in the Bible.  This is a fallacious argument.

Kevin: Hell will be full of people who are good and compassionate, but who did not proclaim the Son of Man, Jesus Christ, as their Savior & Lord!  You are adding to the Word of God things that do not exist there.

J. Salza: This is also not true.  Hell will be full of people who may have been good and compassionate at some point in their lives, but ultimately rejected the true good, God, and chose hell instead.  Those in hell can no longer be good and compassionate because goodness and compassion are the fruits of God's grace, and those in hell are deprived of those graces for all eternity. Thus, hell will be full of the wicked who rejected God’s gift of salvation. They will be hated by God and suffer for all eternity (cf. Psalm 5:6; 11:5).

I hope this helps.  If you have any further questions, please email.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


4. Baptism on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Patron: I'm a practising catholic looking for more insight on purgatory verses. Could you give me a further explanation for the following: 1 Cor. 15:29-30 - Paul mentions people being baptized on behalf of the dead, to atone for their sins. They must be in purgatory. How have you come to the conclusion that it atones for sins and not that it is a mormon like ritual that 'they' (early pagans) practiced and 'we' (christians) should avoid.

J. Salza: Hello. Paul is explaining our hope in the resurrection by pointing out a practice of the time of baptizing people on behalf of the dead.  He is explaining that this practice evidences a hope of the resurrection, because the dead in Christ are not really dead, but are alive and will rise with Him.  I use this verse to support the doctrine of purgatory because the Church has always taught that our prayers and sacrifices, when offered to the Father through Christ, participate in Christ's own mediation before God.  These prayers and sacrifices can be applied to the deceased to atone for the temporal punishments due to their sins. 

Asking God to apply graces received in prayer, in Holy Communion, and, in this case, baptism on behalf of the dead, show a belief in purgatory (a state after death that cannot either be heaven or hell).  This state cannot be heaven because those in heaven have no need of our prayers since they have already been purified.  This state cannot be hell because those in hell also cannot use our prayers for purification because they have already been eternally damned. Hence, this is another state after death which the Church calls purgatory.

Note also that 1 Cor. 15:29 closely parallels 2 Maccabees 12:43-45 which states that prayers are offered for the dead to forgive them of their sins. This is one of the reasons why Martin Luther removed Maccabees from the Old Testament canon in the 16th century – because it supports the Church’s teaching on purgatory.

Top

 


Copyright 2001 - 2007 © by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.
johnsalza@scripturecatholic.com