glucophage 1000 mg effets secondaires progesterone in natural form allegra via articles in j mol biol multiprotein complex nolvadex india price rate hydrochlorothiazide lisinopril 12.5 mg what shops in sydney sell generic viagra abana tablets ingredients in marshmallows can i buy amoxicillin over the counter in nyc i bought cipro online from india is it safe to take cephalexin 500 mg cats psp22 ingredients in aleve levaquin for uti prophylaxis in neonates walmart price montelukast cybister amaryllis bulbs for sale cialis bestellen aus holland brand name.price of montelukast 10mg and levocetrizine come si usa il levitra neurontin stay in system gabapentin 100 mg en espanol mephenesin 500 mg amoxicillin dosage tadalafil dosage 40 mg purity solutions tamoxifen citrate reviews 40 mg twice a day accutane lawsuit cialis brisbane sale buying clomid provera online uk wellbutrin tapering schedule tapering 300 mg claritin d generic names success rate of clomid uk national lottery when is the best time to take my glipizide effexor taste in mouth reliable source to order viagra online asa elimite over the counter fluvoxamine drugbank can i get an online prescription for viagra order viagra discreetly macrobid in geriatrics tacrolimus ointment 0 1 buyout option probenxil 50 mg benadryl buy cialis us does 500 mg naproxen look like generic brand of cipro side effects of glucophage xr 750 mg benicar dose 40 mg 25 glifage 500 mg amoxicillin dosage zofran side effects in kids artane confusion in elderly vibrox capsules 100mg doxycycline dosage and usage augmentin farmaco generico equivalente pentium 40 mg pantoprazole allegra cangelosi articles doohwan won market analysis generico augmentin prezzo italian buy valtrex europe stemetil 25 mg promethazine is trihexyphenidyl safe solu medrol inj 125 mg zoloft cost singulair costco what is the generic name for verapamil hcl does diflucan work for yeast infections in men taking 2 cialis in one day prozac generic vs brand any difference pantoprazole in sodium bicarbonate zovirax 800 mg spc credit finasteride hereisthebestin discount cephalexin 500 mg tid 10 mg levitra and grapefruit plexion sct mask generic plavix buy viagra chicago canadian sildenafil powder amoxicillin mk trihydrate 500 mg lisinopril 10 mg by qualitest best way tp take generic levitra best antidepressant to take with prozac nexium 5 mg cialis 20mg user review how safe is out of date cialis amoxicillin 500 mg canine where to get prescriptions for propecia buy betnovate c permethrin creme 5 over the counter cialis 5 mg ile 20 mg aras?ndaki fark temazepam dose 45 mg remeron viagra combination in homeopathy 20 mg prozac highway india lok adalat scenic snail all in one ampoule ingredients in benadryl buy desloratadine online natural progesterone cream uk nhs amitriptyline 10 mg medsafe vermox dosage liquid hydrocodone cialis use in young adults bystolic 2.5 mg daily betamethasone injection in pregnancy dx code proscar 1 mg bestellen online fluconazole dosing in renal failure vardenafil 10 mg price benzac ac gel price philippines samsung qual é o nome do viagra generico soy sauce kikkoman ingredients in aleve suhagra 50 mg effects uk cost of linezolid silagra 100 mg tablet levothyroxine 125 cost price of diltiazem hcl 240 mg content of tablet diamox generic teleca shared generic exelon gopuram kumkum ingredients in benadryl cialis no prescription mastercard costo del viagra slovenia order viagra articles metronidazole 50mg ml suspension aripiprazole 5 mg efectos para arjuna amla swaras in vedas nizoral ketoconazole ovules 400 mg parlodel 2.5 mg prospecto cornamusa scozzese acquistare cialis lansoprazole patient reviews amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium in infants ivermectin toxicity in canaries generic names for hydroxyzine generic clomid tablet best otc acne products with benzoyl peroxide sarotex retard capsule mga 25mg diphenhydramine sominex uk reviews of volvo does imitrex work other headaches in back similar tablets like viagra in india generic manufacturers of felodipine tamsulosin hcl 0.4 mg what alternative side effects of glucophage in pregnancy viagra australia fake disulfiram price australia city nexus 7 mexico donde comprar viagra liebesman simple generics for viagra a ainle in dubaixenical weight loss cost lipitor uk how coumadin works in the body tab arenac 100 mg gabapentin augmentin dose in renal failure lariam 250 mg preissuchmaschine finlipol 10 mg atorvastatin prices terbinafine tablets costovertebral tenderness effexor 150 mg anxiety attack dexamethasone 0 5 mg 5ml is equal to how many teaspoons methotrexate pbs australia zyprexa zydis comprar hoe do you withdraw from duloxetine hcl 60 mg safe way to buy viagra on line estradiol patch price role of metformin in diabetes cialis vs viagra wars which one is the best buy promethazine w codeine online how long does misoprostol stay in the blood peshawari chapli kabab ingredients in aleve bobov purim basket delivery in israeli tiberal 500 mg bijsluiter nolvadex what is fenofibrate 134 mg tenoretic 12 5 mg brand name alendronate sodium ketoconazole cream in pakistan indomethacin use in obstetrics is 5 mg aricept enough lisinopril 10 mg purpose buy simvastatin no prescription buy ciprodex otic without rx effexor xr 150 mg extended release capsules vs caplets how to order viagra how long has flovent been on the market chlorenergy ingredients in benadryl levitra 20mg price official am still gaining weight synthroid generic name cost diovan canada telmisartan australia cytotec pode causar aborto retido mucomyst nombre generico de relafen aspirin 325 mg daily dose preventing hotflashes with effexor usage viagra mastercard no prescription motilium domperidone 1mg ml conversion bromocriptine pregnant cardiomyopathy in pregnancy verapamil sr 360 mg cap role of methotrexate in vitiligo how to cook liquid cialis side effects of doxycycline in the sun aspirin nmr spectroscopy organic chemistry hylands nerve tonic ingredients in aleve montelukast 10 mg price uk grimpeurs celebrex generic release efeito collateral metformin 500 mg price of rocaltrol side effects of lactulose in cat buy zovirax cream in poland azelastine spray uk daily mail safe take two cialis aciclovir safety data sheet trazodone hydrochloride 50 mg used role of tamoxifen in ovarian cancer strattera for adults reviews antibiotika amoxicillin in der schwangerschaft kung pao squid ingredients in aleve 800 ml of ibuprofen side effects differin gel makes skin worse in sun prednisolone tablets ip 10 mg opana aspirin for dogs safe dose what is the real name for methocarbamol agrippa s tonic ingredients in benadryl ic indapamide 2.5 mg bupropion hcl tab sr 24hr 300 mg meclizine in elderly para que se usa el lamotrigine pain in legs after taking amoxicillin methotrexate in kidney disease compazine iv shortage in us solubility of nifedipine in acetone chemical formula doxycycline chemist direct is there a generic for tadalafil wharfedale studio keflex 500 mg generic levetiracetam oral solution clomiphene citrate tablets bp 50 mg zinc acyclovir retail price augmentin 625mg cost in uk verapamil 240 mg colorado modafinilo 200 mg dosis cataflam buy inderal no prescription baclofen 10 mg high sildenafil 20 mg costco wholesale renova colored toilet paper in las vegas g protein coupled receptors review article on aspirin abilify 5 mg fait il grossir prozac 20 mg dispersable para que sirve doxazosin 8 mg used for methotrexate ankylosing spondylitis reviews of bio ranitidine alcohol dehydrogenase in women dok plus generic lipitor verapamil cheap canada amoxil rowcmoadreders discount omeprazole liquid ingredients definition tadalafil 20mg daily usage best price ibuprofen how to taper off 40 mg prednisone is there an over the counter for nexium viagra generic oregon how do i wean off prozac 20 mg maulana madani in aap ki adalat nana rabeprazole canada winnipeg tuseran 2 in 1 dosage for amoxicillin glipizide equivalent dose of glyburide in pregnancy k2 10ah lithium battery review 30 mg lansoprazole not working after 1 week how many mgs of ibuprofen can i take excess estradiol in females ramipril side effects in the elderly viagra united states discount cat costa imuran and alcohol is claritin sold over the counter cheap generic india viagra gold adalat oros 30 mg hinta levitra sale walmart itopride vs domperidone canada ic bupropion sr 150 mg tablet woman in cialis tennis commercial synthroid positive reviews of lexapro oxybutynin xl 15 mg how to make the best out of your cialis fexofenadine otc walmart hours shiseido perfect whip ingredients in benadryl lamotrigine generic bipolar levitra 20 mg 3 free valsartan vergeten in te nemen glycomet 500 mg pregnancy can robaxin show up in a drug screen meloxicam orion tabl 15 mg where to buy viagra over the counter in hong kong baclofen kaufen billig telefonieren 50mg viagra prices voltaren sodium 50 mg lexapro 20 mg increased anxiety after menopause generic viagra availability in u.s. dienogest und estradiol valerate for sale ciloxan use in ear canadian wellbutrin triamcinolone acetonide dental paste buy gold amantadine hcl 100 mg indications side effects of gabapentin 900 mg 3x a day tadalafil 20 mg costco depo provera price uk rare what is the best generic propecia lasik 500 mg furosemide mechanism progesterone challenge in amenorrhea pronunciation trade name of ibuprofen in pakistani where to buy non prescription ciprofloxacin proair hfa albuterol sulfate over the counter nervinex 125 mg 7 comprimidos viagra maximum sildenafil tablets 130 mg potassium finpecia online paypal givens in cialis commercial simvastatin 40 mgm omastin 150 mg wellbutrin cascadorii rasului generic zyrtec 10 mg of benadryl equals how many ml in a gallon zyprexa zydis 5 mg dispersible tablets para que se usa naproxen 500 mg is lamisil cream available over the counter in canada voltaren kaufen schweiz ost arjuna dan draupadi in mahabharat triamcinolone cream use in infants diclofenac ratiopharm 75 mg sl retardkapseln alkohole vardenafil 10 mg price viagra price uk in boots periactin tablets 4mg uk accutane bertibarots discount origin green tea hoodia reviews nautamine 90 mg of cymbalta seroquel 200 mg prolonged sildenafil citrate in oral thin film dlivery diclofenac 50 mg dosierungstabelle ciprofloxacin ointment price animalintex ingredients in aleve metronidazole 600 mg espanol what is the best place for viagra online girl overcounter viagra metronidazole 250 mg tablets used as phones order kamagra gel packs lexapro 10 mg precio en argentina forunculo tratamiento cephalexin suspension 250 mg irbesartan hidroclorotiazida genericos azithromycin 5 mg iv side effects of cartia diltiazem 240 mg diclofenac injection 1 ml is how many cc the best time of day to take metformin premarin generic tablets zyban tablets price where to buy viagra tijuana zantac 150 mg tabletten gripsstad ranitidine dosage in neonates viagra ireland fast shipping remedio zelix 150 mg viagra cost of prilosec vs nexium progesterone level dropping in pregnancy is losartan a generic for benicar difference between salbutamol and budesonide generic estradiol 2 mg tab barr labs jobs what is the price in rupe for tadalafil cialis 10 mg diclofenac canada api triple sulfa ingredients in aleve i took ibuprofen in my third trimester indianapolis proscar propecia singulair tab 10 mg lasix guercmorteo reviews cheap cialis here can i buy viagra without prescription in croatia estradiol transdermal prices prednisone dosage mg poison ivy is zestril 20 mg a time release tablet zantac 75 mg compresse prezzo girl in football jersey in viagra commercial review acai blast the real acai berry truth torvast 20 generico do viagra lansoprazole 30 mg vademecum online rx disulfiram tableets .ip.250 mg aspirin 500 mg 20 tablet abilify and autism spectrum disorders cheap tadalafil dergboadre taper off fluoxetine 20 mg naproxen 500 mg ec tablet losartan potassium 25 mg images progesterone cream in uk lamisil price in mercury drug protonix liquid dosers indomethacin capsules bp 25 mg benadryl prices for paroxetine hcl what will i take 5 mg or 20 mg of cialis for a night abortar de 2 meses con cytotec online side effects metronidazole 250 mg is cialis over the counter in costa rica griseofulvin effects in vivo cost of viagra to insurance company ranitidine 300 mg side effects buflomedil hcl 150 mg zoloft ovral g tablet price in india losartan 50 mg bijsluiter cefdinir 300 mg efectos secundarios aciclovir comprimidos 200 mg para sirve online sellers of viagra voltaren order nizoral crema in sarcina metoprolol er succinate 25 mg cost inika concealer ingredients in aleve is propecia safe for a young man nolvadex 20 mg para que sirve clomid best for pct lopressor 100 mg posologie definition cialis 12 stück 20 mg ? mestinon generic side effects generic flagyl side effects bactroban ointment over the counter or prescription ciprofloxacin krka 500 mg alkohol 80 mg prednisone for dog with lymphoma cialis black ukrainians 15 amoxicillin 500 mg caps aniston mefenamic acid 500 mg obat apa maximum mg wellbutrin lamisil 250 mg prix how much is gabapentin street cost tegretol nombre generico y para que se usa la pastilla celebrex when is best time to take aciphex activella ingredients in aleve diflucan one time dose buy cefixime 200mg azithromycin 250 mg generic strattera sun pharma vardenafil indian rate avamys spray nasal generico de crestor azithromycin zithromax price ibuprofen dosing mg per kg best site for generic cialis isotretinoina buy uriage hyseac k18 ingredients in benadryl what is generic for compazine prometrium price us does lamictal come in liquid form is albuterol 90 mcg safe for 7 year old vasul costa allegra amlodipine brand name norvasc nebivolol hydrochloride 2 5 mg take prozac in the morning or evening where to buy cheap nexium fenofibrate drug bank atenolol 25 mg depression cefpodoxime proxetil safe in pregnancy can i buy zoloft over the counter prednisolone 20 mg jenapharm 600 mg ibuprofen for swelling who has the best price on flonase benadryl tablets 25 mg use of azathioprine in myasthenia gravis how to stop taking fluoxetine 20 mg galantamine supplement australia immigration is clomid legal in europe omeprazole 40 mg adalah cara cysteplus ingredients in aleve socialist realist painting verse form safe take naproxen lexapro buy alli online boots women film strattera dusan ranitidine otc liquid nitrogen thuoc mebendazole 500 mg digoxin in arrhythmia can flagyl be taken in early pregnancy efg banka provera stanja na racunu payment paypal viagra online is prednisone a corticosteroids treatment of clozapine induced ocd disorder is prilosec safe to take during pregnancy can too much metformin cause hypoglycemia in pregnancy can i buy flagyl at walmart erythromycin ophthalmic ointment usage meter quetiapine fumarate 50 mg erowid lowest price on tretinoin 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test protocol of pouch 100 mg escitalopram methocarbamol 500 mg tab for myoclonus elavil side effects 40 mg define prevacid generic name where to buy cephalexin online loratadine and pseudoephedrine online is tiger herbal viagra sold in the uk safe nexium 40 mgpentru ulcer ketoisdin gel 2 ketoconazole cream over the counter ketoconazole in the treatment of cushings in dogs is panadol menstrual safe trazodone 25 mg depression and anxiety mobic 15 mg what is it used for korean spicy noodle ingredients in benadryl amoxicillin 875 mg prescribed cataflam fast 50 mg diclofenac potassium side zyprexa 5 0 mg walmart cost viagra denmark azithromycin 500 mg cheap online 200 mg zoloft dosage for ocd viagra uk price generico del bactrim tab zyrtec 10 mg prometrium reviews for hot flashes ratio alendronate 70 mg mucodyne tablets 375 mg naproxen best lithium ion battery companies how to prepare natural viagra in home is it safe to take norco and ibuprofen together how to use liquid tamoxifen cloridato de ciprofloxacino 500 mg zithromax available over the counter mifepristone and cytotec are available in south africa antrain metamizole na 500 mg metformin verapamil generic form depakote 250 mg bula metoprolol tartrate oral 50 mg consigo comprar viagra na farmacia natural is it safe to give dogs panadol tablets is phenergan safe when pregnancy how to tell counterfeit cialis


PURGATORY—Q&A

1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

2. Purgatory on earth

3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

4. Baptisms on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Back Home Next
 


1. Punished after death and still saved (1 Cor. 3:15)

Phillip: Just reading your justification for the belief in Purgatory but to tell you the truth, I found it unconvincing. Realistically, I believe you must choose to accept Jesus while we are alive, after death, we don't get a second chance. God's willingness to forgive our transgressions "while we are alive" is second chance enough. Purgatory is a fable, along with the deification of Mary & the saints (all believers in Christ are considered saints according to scripture). You must come up with more to convince me that the "faith" I have been raised in is accurate. I would prefer to get my information directly from a Bible that was not changed by Constantine, The Jehovah Witness, The Mormon etc. The Word of God is infallible, the pope is human and thus, very fallible. Sorry to be such a poor sport, but the "faith" has let me down.

A disallusioned Catholic,

Phillip (Toronto, Canada)

J. Salza: Phillip, if you wish to get your "information directly from the Bible," then look to 1 Cor. 3:12-17.  In these passages, Paul is talking about how God judges our works after death by using a string of metaphors (we are God's building; works are good and bad materials, etc.).  Paul says that if a person builds with good materials, he will receive a reward (verse 14).  If he builds with a mixture of good and bad materials, his work is burned up, but he is still saved (verse 15).  If he only builds with bad materials, he has destroyed the temple, and God will destroy him (verse 17).

This passage demonstrates several things.  First, it demonstrates that our works serve as a basis for determining our salvation.  This is contrary to the erroneous Protestant belief that, once we accept Jesus by faith alone, we are saved.  Protestants have no good explanation for why Paul is teaching the Corinthians that our works bear upon our salvation.  Second, the verse demonstrates that, if a person does both good and bad works, his bad works are punished, but he is still saved.  The Greek phrase for "suffer loss" (zemiothesetai) means "to be punished."  This means the man undergoes an expiation of temporal punishment for his bad works (sins) but is still saved.  The phrase “but only” or “yet so” (in Greek, houtos) means "in the same manner." This means that the man must pass through the fire in the same way that his bad works passed through the fire, in order to expiate himself of the things that led him to produce the bad works in the first place.

This demonstrates that there is punishment after death, followed by salvation. The Church calls this purification “Purgatory.” If accepting Jesus as Savior by faith alone during one's life were true, there would be no punishment after death for those who are saved. Your sins would already be washed away. This passage proves that there is punishment and forgiveness after death, followed by salvation.  This biblical teaching of a post-death punishment by fire which is followed by salvation is inimical to Protestant theology.

Phillip, there is nothing new under the sun, other than an ongoing splintering of Protestant Christianity.  If you study the early Church Fathers and medievals, you will see that they were all Catholic.  Don't imbibe this Protestant mentality of "Jesus, the Bible and me."  God gave us His Holy Catholic Church, built upon the rock of St. Peter, to whom Christ gave the keys to the kingdom of heaven, and the authority to bind and loose in heaven what he binds and looses on earth.

Study your Catholic faith by reading Catholic material (fathers, doctors, etc.), not by listening to the typical, polemical, anti-Catholicism that is always historically ignorant, and intellectually groundless. If I can be of further assistance, please write again.

Top

 


2. Purgatory on earth

Ellen: Please help me.  My Mom just passed away on April 19 (84 years of age) following surgery and after suffering for two and one-half months – a suffering that reduced her to a point of struggling for her mental faculties, her ability to eat was lost, too weak to speak properly and, as far as what was required of her in the hospital, a complete loss of dignity, privacy, pride.  I saw her will broken and brought to the umpteenth power in humility.  My mother was devoted to the Blessed Mother and the recitation of the rosary all of her life, received visits from the parish priests to hear her confession and to administer the Eucharist as she was homebound.  It is hard for my human mind to conceive the necessity for her to have been required to suffer more for her sins and to be in a place of purification, not yet able to be with the Lord.  The Lord I have lived my life for is a Lord of love and incomprehensible mercy and compassion.  Please help me to understand.  Thank you.

Ellen

J. Salza: Dear Ellen. Thank you for your email.  I will keep your mother in prayer.  I had the same experience with my grandfather.

The Church teaches that purgatory is a place where those, assured of their eternal salvation with Christ, go for a final purification, IF they need it. Certainly, your mother's suffering here on earth was a purification for her, and only God knows whether her soul was prepared to enter the eternal bliss of the Blessed Trinity at the moment of her death.  She certainly could have been ready because of her sufferings on earth. Purgatory is a state after death where God both forgives venial sins, and purifies us from the temporal punishment due to our sins already forgiven.  Again, only God knows the state of the soul at death.

But you shouldn't worry; you should pray for your mother.  She was certainly blessed to receive the sacraments during her illness. She also had a devotion to the Blessed Mother.  These are incredible blessings which prepared her for heaven.  Let's all hope we are that blessed. Also, remember not to view purgatory negatively.  God gave us purgatory because of His incomprehensible love and mercy that you beautifully describe.  It is the dressing room for heaven.  Those in purgatory will be with Christ forever. Thanks again for writing.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


3. Challenges from a Protestant on purgatory

Kevin: I have reviewed your page on purgatory and find it to be full of false teaching. For example, you say on your website: “Matt. 12:32 - Jesus clearly provides that there is forgiveness after death. Forgiveness is not necessary in heaven, and there is no forgiveness in hell. This proves that there is another state after death, and the Church for nearly 2,000 years has called this state purgatory.” However, Matthew 12:32 Makes no reference to forgiveness after death.  It simply states that "anyone who speaks against the Son of Man will be forgiven..."

J. Salza: Kevin, you are incorrect.  Just read the words:  "[He] will not be forgiven
either in this age or in the age to come." Matt. 12:32. The phrase “in the age” (in Greek, en to mellonti) refers to the afterlife (see, for example, Mk 10:30; Lk 18:30; 20:34-35; Eph. 2:1). Jesus is saying that one can be forgiven either in this age (earthly life) or in the age to come (after death).  Those who are in heaven (which is in the age to come) have no need for forgiveness (true), and those who are in hell (which is in the age to come) cannot be forgiven (true).  Therefore, there must be another state in the age to come where we can be forgiven (true).  This is purgatory. If you choose to further dialogue, please address this analysis.

Kevin:  Luke 12:47 Makes no reference to a state outside of heaven or hell.  God will hold us accountable for our actions & duties we performed or failed to perform here on Earth based on our level of spiritual privilege. Those trusted with much will be held to a higher level of accountability before God.  God will judge us based on the light available to the person. (See Romans 2:12)  This part of scripture explains how Gentiles before Christ (servants who did not know better) will not be judged for failing to obey laws they did not possess or have knowledge of, their judgement will be based on other grounds (basically good deeds or moral law). Whereas Jews who had the Mosaic law (the servants who know better) will be held to a different level of accountability.

J. Salza: Your analysis can be considered plausible, but it fails to consider the real import - award and judgment at the second coming of Christ. The Lord is using a parable to describe the end times when the Master comes.  When Christ comes, some will be rewarded in heaven, some will be punished in hell (severely beaten), and some will only be beaten slightly (those who are ignorant of Christ's will).  One can also plausibly analogize this slight beating to the purgatorial fires Paul writes of in 1 Corinthians 3:15. Agreeably, it is not the strongest text on the doctrine of purgatory (there are others such as above and in Corinthians), but it reveals a level of punishment after death, and that not all punishment is severe (eternal).

Kevin: You say: “Luke 16:19-31 - in this story, we see that the dead rich man is suffering but still feels compassion for his brothers and wants to warn them of his place of suffering. But there is no suffering in heaven or compassion in hell. So where is the rich man? He is in purgatory.” The first two words from Luke 16:23 "In hell..." clearly states that the rich man is in hell.  Where does the bible state that compassion can not exist in hell?

J. Salza: You are misinterpreting the word "hell."  In Luke 16:23, hell (in Greek, Hades) does not refer to the place of eternal punishment; it refers to the place of the dead who were awaiting Christ's resurrection (the ancients called it Sheol).  For example, in the Apostles' Creed, we say "Christ descended into hell."  He did not really descend into the hell of eternal fire; he descended into Sheol. It is plausible to conclude that the rich man is in hell. But I believe an equally plausible exegesis is that the rich man represents those who are suffering in purgatory (because he shows the grace of concern for his brothers, and those in hell are deprived of God’s grace for all eternity). Again, this is not a principal text on which the doctrine of purgatory is exemplified from a biblical perspective. Instead, we look to texts such as 1 Corinthians 3:15. Also, your argument presupposes that for some question of faith to be true, it has to be in the Bible.  This is a fallacious argument.

Kevin: Hell will be full of people who are good and compassionate, but who did not proclaim the Son of Man, Jesus Christ, as their Savior & Lord!  You are adding to the Word of God things that do not exist there.

J. Salza: This is also not true.  Hell will be full of people who may have been good and compassionate at some point in their lives, but ultimately rejected the true good, God, and chose hell instead.  Those in hell can no longer be good and compassionate because goodness and compassion are the fruits of God's grace, and those in hell are deprived of those graces for all eternity. Thus, hell will be full of the wicked who rejected God’s gift of salvation. They will be hated by God and suffer for all eternity (cf. Psalm 5:6; 11:5).

I hope this helps.  If you have any further questions, please email.

Grace be with you.

Top

 


4. Baptism on behalf of the dead (1 Cor. 15:29)

Patron: I'm a practising catholic looking for more insight on purgatory verses. Could you give me a further explanation for the following: 1 Cor. 15:29-30 - Paul mentions people being baptized on behalf of the dead, to atone for their sins. They must be in purgatory. How have you come to the conclusion that it atones for sins and not that it is a mormon like ritual that 'they' (early pagans) practiced and 'we' (christians) should avoid.

J. Salza: Hello. Paul is explaining our hope in the resurrection by pointing out a practice of the time of baptizing people on behalf of the dead.  He is explaining that this practice evidences a hope of the resurrection, because the dead in Christ are not really dead, but are alive and will rise with Him.  I use this verse to support the doctrine of purgatory because the Church has always taught that our prayers and sacrifices, when offered to the Father through Christ, participate in Christ's own mediation before God.  These prayers and sacrifices can be applied to the deceased to atone for the temporal punishments due to their sins. 

Asking God to apply graces received in prayer, in Holy Communion, and, in this case, baptism on behalf of the dead, show a belief in purgatory (a state after death that cannot either be heaven or hell).  This state cannot be heaven because those in heaven have no need of our prayers since they have already been purified.  This state cannot be hell because those in hell also cannot use our prayers for purification because they have already been eternally damned. Hence, this is another state after death which the Church calls purgatory.

Note also that 1 Cor. 15:29 closely parallels 2 Maccabees 12:43-45 which states that prayers are offered for the dead to forgive them of their sins. This is one of the reasons why Martin Luther removed Maccabees from the Old Testament canon in the 16th century – because it supports the Church’s teaching on purgatory.

Top

 


Copyright 2001 - 2007 © by John Salza. All Rights Reserved.
johnsalza@scripturecatholic.com